Read below about bulging of the eyes, including causes and common questions. Or get a personalized analysis of your bulging of the eyes from our A.I. health assistant. At Buoy, we build tools that help you know what’s wrong right now and how to get the right care.

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9 Potential Bulging of the Eyes Causes

Disclaimer: The article does not replace an evaluation by a physician. Information on this page is provided as an information resource only, and is not to be used or relied on for any diagnostic or treatment purposes.

  1. 1.Fetal Alcohol Syndrome

    Fetal alcohol syndrome (FAS) is one of a group of conditions, called fetal alcohol spectrum disorders, that children are born with when the mother has been drinking alcohol while pregnant. Alcohol in the mother's blood can pass through the placenta into the womb, and can damage the baby in a variety of ways depending on the part which is developing at the time.

    FAS is a lifelong condition.

    Rarity:
    Uncommon
    Top Symptoms:
    tremor, difficulty with coordination, recent increase in crying, slower than normal growth, mental disability
    Urgency:
    Primary care doctor
  2. 2.Cerebral Venous Thrombosis

    Cavernous sinus thrombosis is a blood clot in an area at the base of the brain that contains a vein, which carries blood from the brain to the heart. This area is called the cavernous sinus.

    Indefinite

    Rarity:
    Rare
    Top Symptoms:
    fatigue, headache, nausea or vomiting, loss of appetite, being severely ill
    Symptoms that always occur with cerebral venous thrombosis:
    being severely ill
    Urgency:
    Emergency medical service
  3. 3.Periorbital Cellulitis

    Periorbital cellulitis is an infection of the eyelid or skin around the eye, which does not extend into the interior of the orbit (bony framework that surrounds the eyeball). Periorbital cellulitis commonly affects children under 18 months old.

    Symptoms should resolve after 7-10 days of antibiotics.

    Rarity:
    Rare
    Top Symptoms:
    fever, eye pain, redness around the eye, swollen eyelid, swelling of one eyelid
    Symptoms that always occur with periorbital cellulitis:
    redness around the eye
    Symptoms that never occur with periorbital cellulitis:
    bulging of the eyes
    Urgency:
    Hospital emergency room
  4. 4.Wegener's Granulomatosis

    An inflammation of the blood vessels by the body's immune system is a rare, but possibly dangerous problem. The inflammation can happen anywhere, but often in the sinuses, lungs, and kidneys.

    Uncertain

    Rarity:
    Rare
    Top Symptoms:
    fatigue, loss of appetite, joint pain, shortness of breath, fever
    Urgency:
    Primary care doctor

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  5. 5.Orbital Cellulitis

    Orbital cellulitis is a serious infection of the bony cavity (the orbit) which holds the eyeball. This condition affects the eye, eyelids, eyebrows, and cheeks, and causes the eyeball to have a swollen appearance. It can cause blindness if the infection is not treated.

    Antibiotic treatment for 3 weeks.

    Rarity:
    Rare
    Top Symptoms:
    fever, blurry vision, swelling of one eye, swelling of one eyelid, eye skin changes
    Symptoms that always occur with orbital cellulitis:
    eye skin changes, blurry vision
    Urgency:
    Hospital emergency room
  6. 6.Relapsing Polychondritis

    Relapsing polychondritis is an episodic, inflammatory and destructive disorder involving primarily cartilage of the ear and nose. It can also potentially affect the eyes, tracheobronchial tree, heart valves, kidneys, joints, skin, and blood vessels.

    Episodes of inflammation can last a few days to several weeks that then subside spontaneously or with treatment. Attacks may recur at intervals varying from weeks to months.

    Rarity:
    Rare
    Top Symptoms:
    shortness of breath, joint pain, congestion, runny nose, wheezing
    Urgency:
    Primary care doctor
  7. 7.Langerhans Cell Histiocytosis

    There are many different cells of the immune system. At times, there can be too many of one or more of them.

    Uncertain

    Rarity:
    Rare
    Top Symptoms:
    fatigue, shortness of breath, severe fatigue, fever, unintentional weight loss
    Urgency:
    Primary care doctor
  8. 8.Fibrous Dysplasia of Bone

    This is a genetic condition where part of a bone develops incorrectly using the wrong type of materials (fibrous instead of bony tissue), causing a weak area of bone that is prone to fractures. This process begins before birth, and the cause of the gene mutation is not fully known.

    This is a lifelong condition, as the fibrous tissue will continue to grow in the same area.

    Rarity:
    Rare
    Top Symptoms:
    spontaneous bone pain, groin pain, pain in one thigh, spontaneous hip pain, upper leg bump
    Symptoms that always occur with fibrous dysplasia of bone:
    spontaneous bone pain
    Urgency:
    Primary care doctor
  9. 9.Uterine Fibroids

    Uterine fibroids are noncancerous tumors in the uterus. They are common in women of childbearing age.

    Treatment ranges from medication to surgical removal of the fibroid.

    Rarity:
    Common
    Top Symptoms:
    vaginal bleeding, pelvis pain, abdominal cramps (stomach cramps), painful periods, irregular period
    Urgency:
    Primary care doctor

Questions Your Doctor May Ask About Bulging of the Eyes

  • Q.Have you been feeling more tired than usual, lethargic or fatigued despite sleeping a normal amount?
  • Q.Any fever today or during the last week?
  • Q.Are you experiencing a headache?
  • Q.Have you experienced any nausea?

If you've answered yes to one or more of these questions, try our bulging of the eyes symptom checker to find out more.

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Bulging of the Eyes Symptom Checker Statistics

  • People who have experienced bulging of the eyes have also experienced:

    • 6% Headache
    • 5% Eye Pain
    • 5% Feeling of Something in the Eye
  • Source: Aggregated and anonymized results from visits to the Buoy AI health assistant (check it out by clicking on “Take Quiz”).

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