Read below about head or face injury, including causes and common questions. Or get a personalized analysis of your head or face injury from our A.I. health assistant. At Buoy, we build tools that help you know what’s wrong right now and how to get the right care.

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5 Potential Head or Face Injury Causes

Disclaimer: The article does not replace an evaluation by a physician. Information on this page is provided as an information resource only, and is not to be used or relied on for any diagnostic or treatment purposes.

  1. 1.Bruise of the Face

    A bruise is an area of skin discoloration. A bruise occurs when small blood vessels break and leak their contents into the soft tissue beneath the skin.

    1-2 weeks

    Rarity:
    Common
    Top Symptoms:
    swelling on one side of the face, head or face injury, painful face swelling, warm and red face swelling, face bruise
    Symptoms that always occur with bruise of the face:
    head or face injury
    Urgency:
    Self-treatment
  2. 2.Concussion Not Needing Imaging

    A traumatic brain injury (TBI), or concussion, happens when a bump, blow, jolt, or other head injury causes damage to the brain. Every year, millions of people in the U.S. suffer brain injuries. More than half are bad enough that people must go to the hospital, and the worst injuries can lead to permanent brain damage or death.

    Most patients with mild brain injury recover within hours to days.

    Rarity:
    Common
    Top Symptoms:
    nausea or vomiting, dizziness, difficulty concentrating, sensitivity to light, blurry vision
    Symptoms that always occur with concussion not needing imaging:
    brief fainting episode, head or face injury
    Symptoms that never occur with concussion not needing imaging:
    recent fall from 6 feet or higher, severe vomiting, bleeding from the ear, moderate vomiting
    Urgency:
    In-person visit

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  3. 3.Concussion Not Needing Imaging

    A traumatic brain injury (TBI), or concussion, happens when a bump, blow, jolt, or other head injury causes damage to the brain. Every year, millions of people in the U.S. suffer brain injuries. More than half are bad enough that people must go to the hospital, and the worst injuries can lead to permanent brain damage or death.

    Most patients with mild brain injury recover within hours to days.

    Rarity:
    Common
    Top Symptoms:
    dizziness, irritability, depressed mood, difficulty concentrating, trouble sleeping
    Symptoms that always occur with concussion not needing imaging:
    head or face injury
    Symptoms that never occur with concussion not needing imaging:
    recent fall from 6 feet or higher, severe vomiting, posttraumatic amnesia over 30 minutes, slurred speech, fainting, moderate vomiting
    Urgency:
    Primary care doctor
  4. 4.Concussion (Mild Traumatic Brain Injury) Needing Imaging

    Mild traumatic brain injury requiring imaging is defined as being fairly responsive after an injury to the head but with enough warning signs that a picture of the inside of the skull needs to be taken.

    Mild traumatic brain injuries have good outcomes if seen early enough by doctors. Delay can be dangerous.

    Rarity:
    Common
    Top Symptoms:
    nausea or vomiting, dizziness, difficulty concentrating, sensitivity to light, frequent mood swings
    Symptoms that always occur with concussion (mild traumatic brain injury) needing imaging:
    head or face injury
    Urgency:
    Hospital emergency room
  5. 5.Uncomplicated Head Injury

    An uncomplicated closed head injury is a diagnosis of exclusion. If someone has been seen by a physician and more serious types of injury are deemed unlikely, this is a common variation of closed head injury.

    1 day

    Rarity:
    Uncommon
    Top Symptoms:
    head or face injury, face pain, headache resulting from a head injury, scalp pain, new headache
    Symptoms that always occur with uncomplicated head injury:
    head or face injury
    Symptoms that never occur with uncomplicated head injury:
    bleeding from the ear, nausea or vomiting, current loss of consciousness, feeling confused and not making sense while talking
    Urgency:
    Phone call or in-person visit

Questions Your Doctor May Ask About Head or Face Injury

  • Q.Did you just suffer from a high impact injury (e.g., a fall, collision, accident or sports trauma)?
  • Q.Any fever today or during the last week?
  • Q.Did you faint?
  • Q.Have you been experiencing dizziness?

If you've answered yes to one or more of these questions, try our head or face injury symptom checker to find out more.

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Head or Face Injury Symptom Checker Statistics

  • People who have experienced head or face injury have also experienced:

    • 11% Head Injury
    • 4% Nose Injury
    • 4% Dizziness
  • People who have experienced head or face injury were most often matched with:

    • 8% Bruise of the Face
    • 6% Concussion Not Needing Imaging
    • 3% Concussion Not Needing Imaging
  • Source: Aggregated and anonymized results from visits to the Buoy AI health assistant (check it out by clicking on “Take Quiz”).

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