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Learn about your mental disability, including causes and common questions. Or get a personalized analysis of your mental disability from our A.I. health assistant. At Buoy, we build tools that help you know what’s wrong right now and how to get the right care.

Mental Disability Checker

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Your Mental Disability May Also be Known as:
Cognitive impairment
Low iq
Mentally challenged

Top 10 Mental Disability Causes

  1. 1.Cerebral Palsy

    Cerebral palsy is a condition that results from damage to the developing brain, which usually occurs before the age of 3. The damage can be due to a variety of factors, and there is a lot of research that is still being carried out in this field. The damage to the brain causes problems such as motor deficits, epilepsy, failure to thrive, sleep disturbances, and many others.

    You should visit your primary care physician. This is a complex condition that is treated with a multidisciplinary approach. Allied medical professionals such as physical therapists, occupational therapists, speech therapists, and recreational therapists aid in the management of cerebral palsy.

    Rarity:
    Uncommon
    Top Symptoms:
    involuntary movements, mental disability, non-voluntary, brief, irregular dance-like movements, muscle stiffness/rigidity, slow, writhing, continuous movements
    Symptoms that always occur with cerebral palsy:
    mental disability
    Urgency:
    Primary care doctor
  2. 2.Fetal Alcohol Syndrome

    Fetal alcohol syndrome (FAS) is one of a group of conditions, called fetal alcohol spectrum disorders, that children are born with when the mother has been drinking alcohol while pregnant. Alcohol in the mother's blood can pass through the placenta into the womb, and can damage the baby in a variety of ways depending on the part which is developing at the time.

    This diagnosis needs evaluation and confirmation by a physician. There is no specific treatment but counseling may be helpful to prevent behavioral problems later in life.

    Rarity:
    Uncommon
    Top Symptoms:
    recent increase in crying, tremor, slower than normal growth, difficulty with coordination, mental disability
    Urgency:
    Primary care doctor
  3. 3.Tourette Syndrome

    Tourette Syndrome is a type of tic disorder. A tic is an involuntary, repetitive movement or unwanted sounds. To be diagnosed with Tourette Syndrome, the individual must have at least two motor tics and at least one vocal tic.

    You should visit your primary care physician to discuss symptoms and treatment options. It is likely you will be referred to a neurologists or neuropsychiatrist for specialized treatment.

    Rarity:
    Common
    Top Symptoms:
    anxiety, mental disability, simple motor tic, simple phonic tic, complex motor tic
    Symptoms that always occur with tourette syndrome:
    simple motor tic, simple phonic tic
    Urgency:
    Primary care doctor
  4. 4.Juvenile Myoclonic Epilepsy

    Juvenile myoclonic epilepsy (JME) begins in childhood or adolesence, usually between ages 8 and 20, and lasts into adulthood. The most common type of seizure in people with this condition is myoclonic seizures, which cause rapid, uncontrolled muscle jerks.

    You should visit your primary care physician to confirm the diagnosis and discuss treatment options for managing symptoms.

    Rarity:
    Uncommon
    Top Symptoms:
    sensitivity to light, brief fainting episode, mental disability
    Symptoms that never occur with juvenile myoclonic epilepsy:
    low muscle tone, arm weakness, weakness of both legs, leg weakness
    Urgency:
    Primary care doctor
  5. 5.Rumination Syndrome

    Rumination is described by effortless burping up food or liquids (regurgitation) which hasn't been digested yet. There is no structural underlying cause and rumination is often referred to as being a behavioral disorder. In most cases, people with rumination syndrome do not experience nausea.

    You should discuss your symptoms with your primary care physician.

    Rarity:
    Uncommon
    Top Symptoms:
    regurgitation
    Symptoms that always occur with rumination syndrome:
    regurgitation
    Symptoms that never occur with rumination syndrome:
    retching, hidden: signs of upper gi bleeding
    Urgency:
    Primary care doctor

    Mental Disability Checker

    Take a quiz to find out why you’re having mental disability.

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  6. 6.Hemophilia a

    Hemophilia A is an inherited (genetic) disorder which causes the blood to have a deficiency or absence of coagulation factor VIII, which is a protein that is needed to create blood clots. This can result in bleeding that starts on its own, or uncontrollable bleeding after trauma or surgery.

    You should visit your primary care physician who will refer you to a hemophilia treatment center. Treatment is with medication and avoidance of trauma that can cause uncontrollable bleeding.

    Rarity:
    Rare
    Top Symptoms:
    spontaneous shoulder pain, difficulty moving the shoulder, unexplained/excessive bleeding from cuts or wounds, pink/blood-tinged urine, rectal bleeding
    Symptoms that always occur with hemophilia a:
    unexplained/excessive bleeding from cuts or wounds
    Urgency:
    Primary care doctor
  7. 7.Subdural Hematoma

    A subdural hematoma (SDH) is a clot or a pool of blood between the surface of the brain and the dura mater, the brain’s tough outer covering. This is typically due to the stretching and tearing of veins on the brain’s surface. These veins rupture when a head injury suddenly jolts or shakes the brain.

    You should go to the ER immediately. This can be a life-threatening condition.

    Rarity:
    Rare
    Top Symptoms:
    headache, new headache, being severely ill, lightheadedness, vision changes
    Symptoms that always occur with subdural hematoma:
    head injury, being severely ill
    Urgency:
    Hospital emergency room
  8. 8.Digeorge Syndrome

    DiGeorge syndrome (22q11.2 deletion syndrome), a disorder caused by a defect in chromosome 22, results in the poor development of several body systems. Medical problems commonly associated with DiGeorge syndrome include heart defects, poor immune system function, a cleft palate, complications related to low levels of calcium in the blood and behavioral disorders.

    You should visit your primary care physician for observation and possible treatment options.

    Rarity:
    Rare
    Top Symptoms:
    hearing loss, facial asymmetry, having more than 10 fingers or toes, delay of baby teeth coming in, developmental delay
    Urgency:
    Primary care doctor
  9. 9.Cri - Du - Chat Syndrome

    Cri du chat syndrome is a group of symptoms that result from missing a piece of chromosome number 5. The syndrome’s name is based on the infant’s cry, which is high-pitched and sounds like a cat.

    This diagnosis is typically diagnosed at birth.

    Rarity:
    Rare
    Top Symptoms:
    low muscle tone, developmental delay
    Symptoms that always occur with cri-du-chat syndrome:
    mental disability, developmental delay
    Urgency:
    Primary care doctor
  10. 10.Lennox - Gastaut Syndrome

    Lennox-Gastaut is a severe form of epilepsy, which is a disorder characterized by frequent seizures. Seizures are bursts of uncontrolled electrical activity in the brain. Most people with this syndrome experience some impairment in intellectual function and information processing. Developmental delays and behavioral disturbance are also common.

    You should visit your primary care physician who will coordinate care with a nerve specialist (neurologist). This condition is managed by prescription medication to control the seizures.

    Rarity:
    Rare
    Top Symptoms:
    irritability, fatigue, drooling, developmental delay, fainting after losing muscle strength
    Urgency:
    Primary care doctor

Questions Your Doctor May Ask About Mental Disability

  • Q.Are you experiencing a headache?
  • Q.Do you currently smoke?
  • Q.Have you been feeling more tired than usual, lethargic or fatigued despite sleeping a normal amount?
  • Q.Have you experienced any nausea?

If you've answered yes to one or more of these questions, check our mental disability symptom checker.

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Mental Disability Symptom Checker Statistics

  • People who have experienced mental disability have also experienced:

    • 100% Depressed Mood
  • People who have experienced mental disability were most often matched with:

    • 12% Cerebral Palsy
  • Source: Aggregated and anonymized results from visits to the Buoy AI health assistant (check it out by clicking on “Take Quiz”).

Mental Disability Checker

Take a quiz to find out why you’re having mental disability.

Take a quiz