Read below about severe testicle/scrotum swelling, including causes and common questions. Or get a personalized analysis of your severe testicle/scrotum swelling from our A.I. health assistant. At Buoy, we build tools that help you know what’s wrong right now and how to get the right care.

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4 Potential Severe Testicle / Scrotum Swelling Causes

Disclaimer: The article does not replace an evaluation by a physician. Information on this page is provided as an information resource only, and is not to be used or relied on for any diagnostic or treatment purposes.

  1. 1.Epididymitis

    Epididymitis is swelling (inflammation) of the epididymis, a tube that sits on top of the testicle and is involved in making sperm. Most cases of inflammation are due to an infection.

    Pain eases in a few days, swelling may take up to a week to go down.

    Rarity:
    Common
    Top Symptoms:
    nausea, fever, chills, pain in one testicle, vomiting
    Urgency:
    In-person visit
  2. 2.Testicular Torsion

    Testicular torsion occurs when the testicle rotates which cuts off the testicle's blood supply. This causes severe pain and swelling.

    With prompt treatment, it is unlikely there will be any permanent damage. It is important to get to the hospital within 6 hours of the start of pain to make sure the testicle can be saved.

    Rarity:
    Rare
    Top Symptoms:
    testicle pain, nausea, pain in one testicle, vomiting, testicular swelling
    Symptoms that always occur with testicular torsion:
    testicle pain
    Urgency:
    Hospital emergency room

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  3. 3.Intermittent Testicular Torsion

    Testicular torsion occurs when the testicle rotates which cuts off the testicle's blood supply. This causes severe pain and swelling. In the case of intermittent testicular torsion, the testicle de-rotates itself and symptoms resolve.

    Symptoms resolve within a few days

    Rarity:
    Rare
    Top Symptoms:
    nausea, testicle pain that comes and goes, vomiting, pain in one testicle, testicular swelling
    Symptoms that always occur with intermittent testicular torsion:
    testicle pain that comes and goes
    Urgency:
    Primary care doctor
  4. 4.Orchitis

    Orchitis occurs when one or both testicles are inflamed. This is often caused by sexually transmitted infections like gonorrhea or chlamydia. More rarely, orchitis is caused by a virus.

    Most people begin to feel better in a few days although it may take up to a month for the tenderness to fully disappear.

    Rarity:
    Rare
    Top Symptoms:
    spontaneous testicle pain, fever, tender testicular swelling, muscle aches, new headache
    Urgency:
    Primary care doctor

Questions Your Doctor May Ask About Severe Testicle / Scrotum Swelling

  • Q.Are you sexually active?
  • Q.Do you notice anything going on with your testicles or scrotum?
  • Q.Do you feel pain when you urinate?
  • Q.Have you noticed:

If you've answered yes to one or more of these questions, try our severe testicle/scrotum swelling symptom checker to find out more.

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Severe Testicle / Scrotum Swelling Symptom Checker Statistics

  • People who have experienced severe testicle/scrotum swelling have also experienced:

    • 13% Testicle Pain
    • 11% Severe Penis Swelling
    • 8% Severe Testicle Pain
  • People who have experienced severe testicle/scrotum swelling had symptoms persist for:

    • 39% Less Than a Week
    • 25% Less Than a Day
    • 19% Over a Month
  • People who have experienced severe testicle/scrotum swelling were most often matched with:

    • 46% Epididymitis
    • 20% Testicular Torsion
    • 20% Intermittent Testicular Torsion
  • Source: Aggregated and anonymized results from visits to the Buoy AI health assistant (check it out by clicking on “Take Quiz”).

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