Read below about shin bruise, including causes and common questions. Or get a personalized analysis of your shin bruise from our A.I. health assistant. At Buoy, we build tools that help you know what’s wrong right now and how to get the right care.

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10 Potential Shin Bruise Causes

Disclaimer: The article does not replace an evaluation by a physician. Information on this page is provided as an information resource only, and is not to be used or relied on for any diagnostic or treatment purposes.

  1. 1.Shin Bruise

    A bruise is the damage of the blood vessels that return blood to the heart (the capillaries and veins), which causes pooling of the blood. This explains the blue/purple color of most bruises. Bruises of the shin are common given the location of the shin.

    Bruises will begin to heal over the course of a week

    Rarity:
    Uncommon
    Top Symptoms:
    shin injury, shin pain from an injury, pain in one shin, shin swelling, shin bruise
    Symptoms that always occur with shin bruise:
    shin injury, shin pain from an injury
    Urgency:
    Self-treatment
  2. 2.Shin Splints (Medial Tibial Stress Syndrome)

    Shin splints is when there is pain in the front part of the lower leg. The pain is from the swelling of the muscles, tendons, and bone tissue around your shin.

    Days to weeks

    Rarity:
    Common
    Top Symptoms:
    shin pain, dull, achy shin pain, pain in the inside of the shin, shin pain from overuse, lower leg pain that comes and goes
    Symptoms that always occur with shin splints (medial tibial stress syndrome):
    shin pain
    Urgency:
    Self-treatment
  3. 3.Lower Leg Weakness

    Any leg weakness is a sign of nerve damage, which is very worrisome and requires you to go see a doctor immediately!

    MISSING

    Rarity:
    Uncommon
    Top Symptoms:
    lower leg weakness, foot weakness, arm weakness, severe pelvis pain, loss of vision
    Urgency:
    Hospital emergency room
  4. 4.Atrial Fibrillation

    An arrhythmia is a problem with the speed or rhythm of the heartbeat. The atria comprise two out of the four chambers of the heart. When their beat is disturbed, symptoms such as a racing heart, chest pain, breathlessness, and dizziness may occur.

    More than 1/2 of people with short term atrial fibrillation get their normal heart rhythm back in less than 2 days without any treatment.

    Rarity:
    Rare
    Top Symptoms:
    fatigue, chest pain, shortness of breath, racing heart beat, lightheadedness
    Urgency:
    Emergency medical service
  5. 5.Tibial Stress Fracture

    A tibial stress fracture is a small crack in the shinbone (tibia). These fractures are most often a result of overuse and are commonly seen with an increase in activity. Usually stress fractures of the shinbone occur in the lower third of the bone.

    Commonly resolves without treatment in 8 weeks.

    Rarity:
    Rare
    Top Symptoms:
    shin pain, dull, achy shin pain, moderate shin pain, pain in the inside of the shin, pain when pressing on the shin
    Symptoms that always occur with tibial stress fracture:
    dull, achy shin pain
    Urgency:
    Primary care doctor

    Shin Bruise Checker

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  6. 6.Skin Abscess

    A skin abscess is an infection of the deeper skin that's typically due to bacteria seen on the skin. Recently, infections are more frequently caused by Staph. Aureus (puts the "staph" in "staph infections").

    Good prognosis with treatment

    Rarity:
    Common
    Top Symptoms:
    painful lower leg lump, large lower leg lump, marble-size lower leg lump, pink or red lower leg bump, lower leg bump leaking yellow/milky fluid
    Symptoms that never occur with skin abscess:
    fever
    Urgency:
    Primary care doctor
  7. 7.Cellulitis

    Cellulitis is an infection of the skin and tissues underneath it. It is most commonly caused by Group A strep and typically enters the body through a break in the skin.

    Dependent on severity of infection

    Rarity:
    Uncommon
    Top Symptoms:
    fever, lower leg pain, lower leg redness, painful swelling in the lower leg, calf pain
    Symptoms that always occur with cellulitis:
    lower leg redness, area of skin redness
    Urgency:
    Primary care doctor
  8. 8.Deep Vein Thrombosis

    Deep vein thrombosis (DVT) is a blood clot that forms in a vein deep in the body. Most deep vein clots occur in the lower leg or thigh.

    Curable with medication or surgery but may recur.

    Rarity:
    Uncommon
    Top Symptoms:
    fever, thigh pain, upper leg swelling, calf pain, butt pain
    Urgency:
    Hospital emergency room
  9. 9.Restless Legs Syndrome (Rls)

    Restless Legs Syndrome is a common condition characterized by an urge to move the legs in order to stop unpleasant sensations.

    RLS is a chronic and incurable condition, but many have their symptoms improve with treatment.

    Rarity:
    Common
    Top Symptoms:
    daytime sleepiness, trouble sleeping, tingling lower leg, restless legs, difficulty falling asleep
    Urgency:
    Primary care doctor
  10. 10.Congestive Heart Failure

    Congestive heart failure (CHF) is a form of heart failure that causes fluid to back up into the lungs and other tissue. Symptoms include trouble breathing and edema (swelling of ankles, hands)

    This is a lifelong condition but symptoms can be managed.

    Rarity:
    Uncommon
    Top Symptoms:
    cough, fatigue, shortness of breath, cough at night, shortness of breath on exertion
    Urgency:
    Primary care doctor

Questions Your Doctor May Ask About Shin Bruise

  • Q.Are you having any difficulty walking?
  • Q.Did you injure your shin?
  • Q.Where on your lower leg are you experiencing pain?
  • Q.Which of the following describes your physical fitness:

If you've answered yes to one or more of these questions, try our shin bruise symptom checker to find out more.

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Shin Bruise Symptom Checker Statistics

  • People who have experienced shin bruise have also experienced:

    • 12% Lower Leg Bruise
    • 7% Shin Pain
    • 7% Thigh Bruise
  • People who have experienced shin bruise had symptoms persist for:

    • 34% Less Than a Week
    • 24% Over a Month
    • 16% Less Than a Day
  • People who have experienced shin bruise were most often matched with:

    • 22% Shin Bruise
    • 14% Shin Splints (Medial Tibial Stress Syndrome)
    • 6% Lower Leg Weakness
  • Source: Aggregated and anonymized results from visits to the Buoy AI health assistant (check it out by clicking on “Take Quiz”).

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