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Learn about your shin bruise, including causes and common questions. Or get a personalized analysis of your shin bruise from our A.I. health assistant. At Buoy, we build tools that help you know what’s wrong right now and how to get the right care.

Shin Bruise Checker

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Your Shin Bruise May Also be Known as:
Bruise on leg
Bruise on shin
Bruise on tibia
Bruised leg
Bruised shin
Bruised tibia
Leg bruising
Leg is bruised
Shin bruising
Shin is bruised

Top 10 Shin Bruise Causes

  1. 1.Shin Bruise

    A bruise is the damage of the blood vessels that return blood to the heart (the capillaries and veins), which causes pooling of the blood. This explains the blue/purple color of most bruises. Bruises of the shin are common given the location of the shin.

    You can treat this at home with R.I.C.E - rest (exercise as tolerated), ice (10-20 minutes at a time), compression (this is pretty optional), and elevation (put your feet up to help blood flow back to the heart using gravity).

    Rarity:
    Uncommon
    Top Symptoms:
    shin pain from an injury, shin injury, pain in one shin, shin swelling, shin bruise
    Symptoms that always occur with shin bruise:
    shin injury, shin pain from an injury
    Urgency:
    Self-treatment
  2. 2.Shin Splints (Medial Tibial Stress Syndrome)

    Shin splints is when there is pain in the front part of the lower leg. The pain is from the swelling of the muscles, tendons, and bone tissue around your shin.

    You can safely treat this condition on your own with rest and ice. Wearing proper footwear and modifying your exercise routine can help prevent shin splints from recurring.

    Rarity:
    Common
    Top Symptoms:
    shin pain, dull, achy shin pain, pain in the inside of the shin, shin pain from overuse, irregular period
    Symptoms that always occur with shin splints (medial tibial stress syndrome):
    shin pain
    Urgency:
    Self-treatment
  3. 3.Skin Cyst

    An epidermoid cyst is a closed sac under the skin filled with a cheese-like or oily material. It is caused by trauma or surgery.

    You do not need treatment for this condition because it is completely benign; however, if the lesion changes at all, a doctor should be consulted. If you would like it removed, a doctor can cut out the cyst.

    Rarity:
    Common
    Top Symptoms:
    skin colored mass on lower leg, marble-size lower leg lump, small lower leg lump
    Symptoms that always occur with skin cyst:
    skin colored mass on lower leg
    Urgency:
    Wait and watch
  4. 4.Peptic Ulcer Disease

    A peptic ulcer is a sore in the lining of the stomach or the first part of your small intestine (the duodenum), which causes pain following meals or on an empty stomach.

    You should go see your doctor in the next few days for a sick visit. He/she will assess the need for certain tests (such as for a bacteria in the stomach and/or a procedure to take a picture of your stomach wall). He/she will definitely suggest taking an anti-acid medication, such as omeprazole, which you can take over-the-counter to help your pain.

    Rarity:
    Uncommon
    Top Symptoms:
    fatigue, abdominal pain (stomach ache), nausea, loss of appetite, moderate abdominal pain
    Urgency:
    Primary care doctor
  5. 5.Constipation From Not Eating Enough Fiber

    Constipation is a very common condition affecting the large intestine. It is characterized by difficulty passing stool, or passing stool less often. Commonly, it is linked to not eating enough fiber, which is the material that provides bulk to your stools.

    Eating more fiber (found in bran, root vegetables, nuts, and whole-grain flour) can help soften your stools. There are also over-the-counter fiber tablets that can help increase your dietary fiber. Further, drinking more water could help your constipation; shoot for the classic 8 glasses a day.

    Rarity:
    Common
    Top Symptoms:
    constipation, constipation, pain in the lower left abdomen, pain when passing stools, feeling of needing to constantly pass stool
    Symptoms that always occur with constipation from not eating enough fiber:
    constipation, constipation
    Symptoms that never occur with constipation from not eating enough fiber:
    vomiting
    Urgency:
    Self-treatment

    Shin Bruise Checker

    Take a quiz to find out why you’re having shin bruise.

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  6. 6.Wart

    Warts are non-serious skin growths caused by a virus that infects the top layer of the skin. They are contagious.

    You can try several over-the-counter treatments, including salicylic acid and cryotherapy (freezing). Most warts go away on their own, but less so in adults.

    Rarity:
    Common
    Top Symptoms:
    skin colored mass on lower leg, painless lower leg bump, small lower leg lump, scaly lower leg bump
    Urgency:
    Self-treatment
  7. 7.Aspiration Pneumonia

    Aspiration Pneumonia occurs when food, saliva, liquids, or vomit is breathed into the lungs or airways leading to the lungs, causing an infection.

    Going to your doctor is important, since diagnosing Aspiration Pneumonia requires a chest x-ray and a blood test. Given the possibility of the infection worsening, starting antibiotic treatment as soon as possible is really key.

    Rarity:
    Rare
    Top Symptoms:
    fatigue, cough, shortness of breath, fever, coughing up green or yellow phlegm
    Urgency:
    Hospital emergency room
  8. 8.Acute Disseminated Encephalomyelitis

    Inflammation of the nervous system, typically due to your body's own immune system, can strip the protective layering of the nervous system's biggest nerves, causing neurologic changes.

    Any neurologic changes should immediately send someone to the hospital, where imaging the brain will reveal damage to your nerves and rule out other possible causes. Treatment involves anti-virals or antibiotics in case of a possible infection, but oppositely, immune-suppressive drugs would be started if it really is your own immune system doing the damage.

    Rarity:
    Rare
    Top Symptoms:
    fatigue, being severely ill, nausea or vomiting, fever, new headache
    Symptoms that always occur with acute disseminated encephalomyelitis:
    being severely ill
    Urgency:
    Hospital emergency room
  9. 9.Infective Endocarditis

    The endocardium is the tissue that lines the inside of the heart chambers and the valves of the heart. This lining can become infected with bacteria. If so, small clumps of infectious material can prevent the valves from opening and closing properly, and when the clumps break off they may travel to other parts of the body, potentially causing serious problems.

    Proceed to the ER immediately. If an infection of the heart is suspected, you will be admitted to the hospital where several blood samples will be taken to test for bacteria and fungi. Antibiotics or anti-fungal medications will be used right away to treat the infection. In rare cases, a valve replacement surgery is needed to change out the infected valve.

    Rarity:
    Rare
    Top Symptoms:
    fatigue, abdominal pain (stomach ache), loss of appetite, being severely ill, headache
    Symptoms that always occur with infective endocarditis:
    being severely ill
    Urgency:
    Hospital emergency room
  10. 10.Fibular Nerve Injury

    Fibular nerve damage can be caused by a wide range of conditions, including trauma, surgery, weight loss, and others.

    Make a doctor's appointment to address your fibular nerve damage, and find out the underlying cause.

    Rarity:
    Uncommon
    Urgency:
    Primary care doctor

Questions Your Doctor May Ask About Shin Bruise

  • Q.Is your lower leg bruising getting better or worse?
  • Q.Have you ever been diagnosed with diabetes?
  • Q.Any fever today or during the last week?
  • Q.Are you having any difficulty walking?

If you've answered yes to one or more of these questions, check our shin bruise symptom checker.

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Shin Bruise Symptom Checker Statistics

  • People who have experienced shin bruise have also experienced:

    • 10% Lower Leg Bruise
    • 10% Thigh Bruise
    • 10% Knee Bruise
  • People who have experienced shin bruise had symptoms persist for:

    • 37% Over a Month
    • 32% Less Than a Week
    • 11% Less Than a Day
  • People who have experienced shin bruise were most often matched with:

    • 16% Shin Bruise
    • 11% Shin Splints (Medial Tibial Stress Syndrome)
    • 5% Skin Cyst

Shin Bruise Checker

Take a quiz to find out why you’re having shin bruise.

Take a quiz