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Learn about your short limbs, including causes and common questions. Or get a personalized analysis of your short limbs from our A.I. health assistant. At Buoy, we build tools that help you know what’s wrong right now and how to get the right care.

Short Limbs Checker

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Your Short Limbs May Also be Known as:
Short arms
Short arms and legs
Short legs

Top 10 Short Limbs Causes

  1. 1.Hypertrophic Cardiomyopathy

    Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM) is a disease in which the heart muscle (myocardium) becomes abnormally thick (hypertrophied). This happens sometimes as a result of long-term elevated blood pressure, and sometimes without any particular reason. The thickened heart muscle can make it harder for the heart to pump blood.

    You should visit your primary care physician. Cardiomyopathy is usually treated with prescription medication to slow down the heart rate and make the heart squeeze less forcefully. In severe cases of cardiomyopathy, an operation called myectomy is performed to remove a segment of thickened muscle from the wall dividing the right and left ventricle (the septum).

    Rarity:
    Rare
    Top Symptoms:
    fatigue, shortness of breath, dizziness, racing heart beat, shortness of breath on exertion
    Urgency:
    Primary care doctor
  2. 2.Condition Causing Facial Weakness

    This symptom is serious enough to require immediate medical attention.

    There may be several explanations for this symptom and its severity, but a healthcare professional should make an assessment as soon as possible because it may be serious.

    Rarity:
    Uncommon
    Top Symptoms:
    weakness in one side of the face, face weakness, arm weakness
    Urgency:
    Emergency medical service
  3. 3.Atypical Chest Pain

    Chest pain can be caused by many things, some of which are worrisome and some that are normal.

    You should visit an emergency room for further testing. This will likely include a stress test to see exactly what's going on with your heart.

    Rarity:
    Common
    Top Symptoms:
    chest pain, shortness of breath
    Symptoms that always occur with atypical chest pain:
    chest pain
    Symptoms that never occur with atypical chest pain:
    chest pain that spreads to the shoulders and/or arms
    Urgency:
    Hospital emergency room
  4. 4.Limb - Girdle Muscular Dystrophy

    Limb-girdle muscular dystrophy is an inherited disorder that involves varying muscle weakness and wasting.

    You should visit your primary care physician to confirm the diagnosis and discuss treatment options for managing symptoms.

    Rarity:
    Rare
    Top Symptoms:
    weakness, arm weakness, muscle aches, shoulder weakness, leg weakness
    Symptoms that always occur with limb-girdle muscular dystrophy:
    weakness
    Urgency:
    Primary care doctor
  5. 5.Beriberi (Adult)

    A low level of vitamin B1 (thiamin) can cause damage to the heart, brain and nerves. This can result in symptoms like weakness, amnesia, nerve pain and symptoms of heart failure like swelling of limbs and shortness of breath.

    You should seek immediate medical care at an ER. You may need to be admitted to the hospital to get treatment with vitamin B1 via drip in.

    Rarity:
    Rare
    Top Symptoms:
    shortness of breath, abdominal pain (stomach ache), chest pain, anxiety, distal numbness
    Urgency:
    Hospital emergency room

    Short Limbs Checker

    Take a quiz to find out why you’re having short limbs.

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  6. 6.Acute Gastritis

    Acute gastritis is the sudden onset of nausea, vomiting, and/or upper abdominal pain that's caused by inflammation of your stomach lining. If it doesn't go away, this can become an ulcer. Causes include taking a medication that affects the stomach, an infection by a bug called, "H. Pylori", or your immune system reacting to yourself.

    You should see your doctor within a few days. There, they would assess whether you require a breath test for the bug, H. Pylori, and/or a test where they put a camera down the throat to look at the stomach wall. Treatment is dependent on the outcomes of the doctor's visit. If it's just because of a medication, the first treatment would be to stop it. If it's an infection, antibiotics would be appropriate. An autoimmune reaction might require supplements with Vitamin B12. Taking an antacid may be necessary for more than one of these scenarios.

    Rarity:
    Uncommon
    Top Symptoms:
    nausea or vomiting, nausea, stomach bloating, loss of appetite, mild abdominal pain
    Symptoms that never occur with acute gastritis:
    fever
    Urgency:
    Primary care doctor
  7. 7.Allergic Reaction (Not Life - Threatening)

    When the body encounters a harmful substance, it responds with inflammation and swelling that can be protective. In many individuals, the body responds this way to substances that are not normally harmful, like foods or pollen. This is the basis of allergy, or Type 1 Hypersensitivity.

    You should visit a physician to discuss the allergy and its severity, if you have not already been diagnosed. Your doctor may order an allergy screen to see what other substances produce the response. If you begin to feel tightness in the throat or difficulty breathing, get to an ER as soon as possible.

    Rarity:
    Common
    Top Symptoms:
    swollen face, swollen lips, hives, red swollen bumps or patches with a pale center, lip numbness, history of allergies
    Symptoms that never occur with allergic reaction (not life-threatening):
    shortness of breath, throat itching
    Urgency:
    Primary care doctor
  8. 8.Hodgkin's Lymphoma

    Hodgkin lymphoma is a cancer of the lymphatic system, which is part of the immune system. Cells in the lymph nodes grow abnormally and may spread beyond the lymphatic system.

    You should visit your primary care physician to confirm the diagnosis. Afterwards, a referral to a specialist will explain treatment options.

    Rarity:
    Rare
    Top Symptoms:
    fatigue, loss of appetite, abdominal pain (stomach ache), shortness of breath, fever
    Symptoms that never occur with hodgkin's lymphoma:
    pulsing armpit mass, armpit lump that comes and goes, shrinking armpit lump, pink or red armpit bump, black or brown armpit bump, yellow or white armpit bump, bleeding armpit bump, armpit bump leaking yellow or milky fluid, armpit bump leaking clear fluid, scabbed armpit bump, scaly armpit bump, neck lump that comes and goes, shrinking neck bump, pink or red neck bump, black or brown neck bump, yellow or white neck bump, bleeding bump, bump leaking clear fluid, neck bump leaking yellow/milky fluid, scabbed bump, scaly neck bump, pulsing chest mass, chest lump that comes and goes, shrinking chest bump, pink or red chest bump, black or brown mass on chest, yellow or white chest bump, blue bump on the chest, bleeding chest bump, chest bump leaking clear fluid, chest bump leaking yellow/milky fluid, scabbed chest bump, scaly chest bump, pulsing groin mass, groin lump that comes and goes, shrinking groin lump, pink or red groin bump, black or brown groin bump, yellow or white groin bump, scabbed groin bump, scaly groin bump, bleeding groin bump, groin bump producing clear fluid, groin bump producing yellow or milky fluid
    Urgency:
    Primary care doctor
  9. 9.Right Heart Failure (Cor Pulmonale)

    Cor pulmonale is known as right heart failure and is often a long-term consequence of high blood pressure or COPD.

    You should visit the emergency room. It is likely a physical exam will be performed as well as blood tests.

    Rarity:
    Common
    Top Symptoms:
    fatigue, chest pain, wheezing, cough with dry or watery sputum, shortness of breath on exertion
    Symptoms that never occur with right heart failure (cor pulmonale):
    severe chest pain
    Urgency:
    Hospital emergency room
  10. 10.Eczema (Atopic Dermatitis)

    Eczema is a form of skin inflammation that causes skin to be dry, itchy, red, and irritated.

    You should go to your local pharmacy or retail clinic to be treated. The usual treatment for atopic eczema involves avoiding irritants and other triggers, using moisturizers to prevent inflammation, as well as steroid creams and ointments when the inflammation flares up.

    Rarity:
    Common
    Top Symptoms:
    trouble sleeping, feeling itchy or tingling all over, dry skin, scalp itchiness, flexor surface rash
    Symptoms that never occur with eczema (atopic dermatitis):
    fever
    Urgency:
    Phone call or in-person visit

Questions Your Doctor May Ask About Short Limbs

  • Q.Do you have a cough?
  • Q.Any fever today or during the last week?
  • Q.Have you experienced any nausea?
  • Q.Have you lost your appetite recently?

If you've answered yes to one or more of these questions, check our short limbs symptom checker.

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Short Limbs Symptom Checker Statistics

  • People who have experienced short limbs have also experienced:

    • 5% Fever
    • 5% Awareness of Loss of Memory
    • 5% Flat, Brown / Tan Rash
  • People who have experienced short limbs were most often matched with:

    • 20% Hypertrophic Cardiomyopathy
    • 10% Condition Causing Facial Weakness
    • 10% Atypical Chest Pain

Short Limbs Checker

Take a quiz to find out why you’re having short limbs.

Take a quiz