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Your abdomen is more than just your stomach and six-pack (for us muscular types). It’s home to many of your vital organs—your intestines and bladder, the reproductive system, the quirky appendix, and more. So when pain strikes, it requires a bit of sleuthing.

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Pain below your ribs is usually indigestion, stomach ulcer, gallstones, or constipation. It can also be a sign of a disease in an abdominal organ or a fractured rib.
Appendicitis is an inflammation or infection in your appendix, a small pouch in the lower, right side of your belly. Surgery is usually required, but sometimes, when caught early, it can be treated with antibiotics.
A swollen abdomen is commonly caused by gastrointestinal issues that induce bloating. Some of these conditions include IBS, heartburn, bacteria in the intestines, or constipation. But there are more serious causes as well.
Pancreatitis is an inflammation of the pancreas that causes severe pain in the upper abdomen and nausea. Call your doctor or seek care immediately as it can be a medical emergency.
Pain around the belly button is often associated with the cecum, the appendix, ascending colon, right ovary and fallopian tube, or the right ureter.
Having abdominal pain after eating, also known as postprandial pain, is caused by a range of issues, but typically triggered by the foods you eat, like spicy or fatty foods.
Sharp abdominal pain could be caused by gas or could mean you need immediate medical attention. Learn about 10 causes for severe abdominal pain and understand whether or not to worry.
Abdominal pain is usually a sign of a common illness or infection. Other causes include indigestion, a stomach ulcer, IBS, or food poisoning.
Abdominal migraines cause abdominal pain, headache, nausea, and vomiting—mostly in children. Lifestyle changes reduce symptoms.

Abdominal pain by location

Abdominal lumps

Children experiencing a lump in the belly button may have a congenital anomaly, while belly button lumps in adults may be caused by a hernia, an inflammatory condition, or a mass.
A lump on the right side with no pain could be a sign of a skin abscess. A painful lump can be caused by ovarian cysts or uterine fibroids in women. Hernias might also cause a lump or bulge.
A mass or abdominal lump on the lower left abdomen can most commonly be caused by skin conditions like cysts, abscess, or growth of fatty tissue known as lipoma. If you have a lump that causes pain on the left side of the abdomen, you may also have a hernia or an ovarian cyst if you are female.

9 Causes of Acute Abdominal Pain

Acute abdominal pain is intense and hits you suddenly. The conditions that cause it, such as appendicitis and acute bowel obstruction, are medical emergencies. Some causes are life-threatening, so getting immediate treatment is crucial.
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Abdomen Itch: Symptoms & Causes

An itchy abdomen can be caused by a range of issues from contact dermatitis to shingles. Learn what the symptoms mean and how to treat it.
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