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Tasting, chewing, talking, kissing, breathing. Our mouth is the quintessential multitasker. But it can also be a major source of pain and discomfort.

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If you are experiencing pain or soreness on the roof of your mouth, this could be due to inflammation from infection or an allergic reaction. Pain can also occur from irritants like smoking, dental trauma, or eating certain foods.
Difficulty swallowing can be a sign of a problem with your esophagus or more serious health problems, such as a stroke or cancer of the esophagus or stomach.
A canker sore (also called an aphthous ulcer) is a small, painful ulcer inside your mouth. It is round and shallow with a whitish-grey base surrounded by a red ring. It is not contagious and usually goes away within 1 to 2 weeks but can be very uncomfortable.
Bleeding gums are never normal. That's why it's important to find the cause, even if you only see a small amount of blood. Causes include poor dental hygiene, certain diseases or conditions, or gum disease.
Red spots in the mouth can occur on the lips, roof of the mouth, and tongue. They are usually caused by infection from bacteria, a virus, or fungus. Other causes of red spots are cold sores, and reactions to certain foods, smoking, or stress.
If your lips start tingling, you may be experiencing lip numbness. Numb lips are most commonly caused by contact allergies from certain foods or chemicals, or cold weather. Other causes include cosmetic injections to the lips, drinking alcohol, smoking, or lip nerve damage.
Salivary Duct Stones, also called sialolithiasis, are small deposits of minerals that form in the salivary gland. They can block the flow of saliva, leading to pain, inflammation, and infection.
Sialadenitis is an infection of the salivary glands. It causes swelling and pain on the face, near the ears. It can be viral or bacterial. If it’s a bacterial infection, it’s treated with antibiotics.

Lip conditions

5 Causes of Gum Pain and Finding Relief

Gum pain can be associated with symptoms like bleeding gums, pain with chewing, or swelling of the gums. Reasons why your gums may hurt include inflammation of the gums, also known as gingivitis. Other causes include dental irritations from brushing, flossing, or dental procedures. Painful gum can also arise from oral herpes and cold sores.
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Gum Swelling: Possible Causes, Home Remedies, & When to See a Dentist

Gum swelling, often accompanied by bleeding gums and tenderness-to-touch, is most commonly caused by poor oral hygiene, pregnancy, infections. Plaque and tartar around the teeth and gums often cause gum inflammation and there are plenty of home remedies. But you may need to see a dentist for more serious issues.
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Cold Sore: What You Need to Know

A cold sore is a painful, ugly cluster of tiny blisters on or around your lips. It’s also sometimes called a fever blister. The cause is a virus that’s highly contagious. When you catch the virus, you have it for life. A cold sore takes at least a couple of weeks to get through from start to finish. Drugstore ointments or certain prescription medicines may help move the healing process along.
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What Causes a Swollen Mouth & When to Seek Care

Mouth swelling can happen in or around the mouth, such as the roof of the mouth, tongue, and lips. Causes range in severity, including temporary irritation from food to sudden swelling that may tighten the throat and restrict breathing.
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