Symptoms A-Z

Hard Abdominal Lump Symptoms, Causes & Common Questions

Understand hard abdominal lump symptoms, including 10 causes & common questions.

This symptom can also be referred to as: firm belly bump

An image depicting a person suffering from hard abdominal lump symptoms

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Contents

  1. 10 Possible Hard Abdominal Lump Causes
  2. Questions Your Doctor May Ask
  3. Statistics

10 Possible Hard Abdominal Lump Causes

The list below shows results from the use of our quiz by Buoy users who experienced hard abdominal lump. This list does not constitute medical advice and may not accurately represent what you have.

Lipoma

Lipoma is a word that translates as "fatty tumor," but a lipoma is not cancer. It is simply a growth of fat between the muscle layer and the skin above it.

The exact cause is not known. The condition does run in families and is associated with other unusual syndromes such as adiposis dolorosa, which is similar. Lipomas most often appear after age 40.

Symptoms include a soft, easily moveable lump beneath the skin, about two inches across. A lipoma is painless unless its growth is irritating the nerves around it. They are most often found on the back, neck, and abdomen, and sometimes the arms and upper legs.

It is a good idea to have any new or unusual growth checked by a medical provider, just to make certain it is benign.

Diagnosis is made through physical examination, biopsy, and imaging such as ultrasound or CT scan.

Most of the time, treatment is not necessary unless the lipoma is unsightly or is interfering with other structures. It can be removed through surgery or liposuction.

Rarity: Uncommon

Top Symptoms: skin-colored groin bump, marble sized groin lump, small groin lump

Symptoms that always occur with lipoma: skin-colored groin bump

Urgency: Wait and watch

Skin cyst

A cyst is a small sac or lump, filled with fluid, air, fat, or other material, that begins to grow somewhere in the body for no apparent reason. A skin cyst is one that forms just beneath the skin.

It's believed that skin cysts form around trapped keratin cells – the cells that form the relatively tough outer layer of the skin.

These cysts are not contagious.

Anyone can get a skin cyst, but they are most common in those who are over age 18, have acne, or have injured the skin.

Symptoms include the appearance of a small, rounded lump under the skin. Cysts are normally painless unless infected, when they will be reddened and sore and contain pus.

Diagnosis is made through physical examination. A small cyst can be left alone, though if it is unsightly or large enough to interfere with movement it can be removed in a simple procedure done in a doctor's office. An infected cyst must be treated so that the infection does not spread.

Rarity: Common

Top Symptoms: skin-colored armpit bump, marble sized armpit lump, small armpit lump

Symptoms that always occur with skin cyst: skin-colored armpit bump

Urgency: Wait and watch

Skin abscess

A skin abscess is a large pocket of pus that has formed just beneath the skin. It is caused by bacteria getting under the skin, usually through a small cut or scratch, and beginning to multiply. The body fights the invasion with white blood cells, which kill some of the infected tissue but form pus within the cavity that remains.

Symptoms include a large, red, swollen, painful lump of pus anywhere on the body beneath the skin. There may be fever, chills, and body aches from the infection.

If not treated, there is the risk of an abscess enlarging, spreading, and causing serious illness.

Diagnosis is made through physical examination.

A small abscess may heal on its own, through the body's immune system. But some will need to be drained or lanced in a medical provider's office so that the pus can be cleaned out. Antibiotics are usually prescribed.

Keeping the skin clean, and using only clean clothes and towels, will help to make sure that the abscess does not recur.

Rarity: Common

Top Symptoms: rash with bumps or blisters, red rash, red skin bump larger than 1/2 cm in diameter, pus-filled rash, rash

Symptoms that always occur with skin abscess: rash with bumps or blisters

Urgency: Primary care doctor

Ovarian cyst

During her reproductive years, a woman's ovaries release a single egg cell each month. But sometimes the egg remains on the surface of the ovary, where the follicle that enclosed it continues to grow. It then becomes a fluid-filled ovarian cyst.

Ovarian cysts may be caused by hormonal imbalances; by endometriosis tissue, if it attaches to the ovary; and by severe pelvic infections that spread to the ovaries. Cysts may also form during pregnancy.

Small ovarian cysts often cause no symptoms. Larger cysts may cause pelvic pain, backache, unexplained weight gain, abnormal vaginal bleeding, and/or pain during sex. Ovarian cysts are almost never a form of cancer.

Sudden, severe abdominal pain could indicate a ruptured cyst. This is a medical emergency and the patient should go to an emergency room or call 9-1-1.

Diagnosis is made through ultrasound.

Hormonal birth control, such as the pill, injection, or patch, prevents ovulation and therefore prevents the formation of cysts. Surgery to remove the cyst may be necessary in some cases.

Rarity: Rare

Top Symptoms: stomach bloating, vaginal bleeding, pelvis pain, lower abdominal pain, lower back pain

Urgency: Primary care doctor

Uterine fibroids

Uterine fibroids are benign growths in the wall of the uterus and most often appear during childbearing years. Fibroids are almost never associated with cancer.

Those at higher risk include black women and women who started their periods at a young age. Other risk factors are vitamin D deficiency, poor diet, obesity, drinking alcohol, and family history of fibroids.

Fibroids can cause pelvic pressure and pain, severe menstrual cramping, and heavy menstrual bleeding that leads to anemia. Quality of life is diminished due to the chronic pain and discomfort. Though fibroids don't always make it impossible to become pregnant, infertility and pregnancy loss may occur as well as pre-term delivery.

Fibroids can be diagnosed through a routine pelvic exam or ultrasound in a doctor's office.

A gynecologist can prescribe various medications to ease the symptoms and regulate the menstrual cycle. There are also a number of surgical techniques, some minimally invasive, to shrink or remove the fibroids while leaving the uterus in place. Hysterectomy, or removal of the uterus, is an option in some cases.

Rarity: Common

Top Symptoms: vaginal bleeding, pelvis pain, abdominal cramps (stomach cramps), painful periods, irregular period

Urgency: Primary care doctor

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Stomach neoplasm

A neoplasm, or tumor, can be benign/non-cancerous, or it can be malignant/cancer. Since benign stomach tumors are mostly harmless polyps that often go unnoticed, the term stomach neoplasm usually refers to stomach cancer.

Symptoms include unintentional weight loss, nausea and vomiting, a loss of appetite, feeling full or bloated, belly pain, and trouble swallowing.

Treatments include surgery, chemotherapy, and radiation, or a combination of the three. Palliative care may also be helpful in some cases.

Rarity: Rare

Top Symptoms: abdominal pain (stomach ache), nausea, loss of appetite, constipation, diarrhea

Urgency: Primary care doctor

Ovarian cancer

Ovarian cancer is an abnormal growth of cells in the ovaries, the reproductive organ in women responsible for producing eggs. Risk factors for developing ovarian cancer include familial genetic syndromes, increasing age, obesity or weight gain, starting menses at an early age, undergoing menopause at a later age and using prolonged postmenopausal hormone replacement therapy.

Early-stage ovarian cancer is usually asymptomatic. Late-stage ovarian cancer may cause(https://www.buoyhealth.com/symptoms-a-z/constipation/), urinary symptoms, or difficulty breathing.

The diagnosis is made by laboratory studies, imaging, and tissue biopsy. Treatment consists of surgery and adjuvant chemotherapy.

Rarity: Rare

Top Symptoms: fatigue, nausea, stomach bloating, loss of appetite, headache

Urgency: Primary care doctor

Colonic neoplasm

Colonic neoplasm means "new tissue" growing in the colon, or large intestine. This neoplasm may be either benign (not cancerous) or malignant (cancer.)

The exact cause of any cancer remains unknown. Risk factors seem to be:

Being over fifty years of age.

  • Family history of the disease.
  • A high-fat, low-fiber diet, typical in the modern world
  • Chronic inflammatory diseases of the colon such as Crohn's disease.
  • Smoking and alcohol use.
  • Diabetes, obesity, and inactivity.

The earliest symptoms are usually polyps, small growths within the colon which can be detected on colonoscopy and removed before they can become cancerous. Later symptoms may be unexplained fatigue; change in bowel habits; persistent abdominal discomfort such as gas or cramps; blood in stool; or rectal bleeding.

Diagnosis is made through colonoscopy and sometimes blood testing.

Treatment is done through surgery, which may be minor or extensive; and through chemotherapy with radiation therapy, usually done before and after surgery. Supportive care to keep the patient comfortable is also an important part of treatment.

Rarity: Rare

Top Symptoms: fatigue, stomach bloating, stool changes, diarrhea, constipation

Urgency: Primary care doctor

Chronic myeloid leukemia (cml)

Chronic myeloid leukemia, or CML, is a rare cancer of the blood. It is also called chronic myelogenous leukemia or chronic granulocytic leukemia.

"Chronic" means the condition appears gradually, over months or years. "Myeloid" cells normally give rise to red, white, and other blood cells but cannot function due to the cancer.

CML is believed to have a genetic cause, though it is not hereditary.

CML is most often seen in older male adults and rarely in children, though anyone can be affected.

Symptoms include bleeding that is slow to clot; pain on the left side of the mid abdomen; fatigue; fever; loss of appetite; unexplained weight loss; pale skin; and night sweats.

It is important to see a medical provider with these symptoms, for the disease responds best when treated early.

Diagnosis is made through physical examination, blood tests, and bone marrow tests.

Treatment most often involves therapy with specialized, "targeted" drugs. Other treatments are chemotherapy; therapy to strengthen the immune system; and sometimes a blood stem cell transplant.

Rarity: Ultra rare

Top Symptoms: fatigue, stomach bloating, shortness of breath, unintentional weight loss, feeling of fullness early in a meal

Urgency: Primary care doctor

Cancer of fat cells

Liposarcoma is a type of cancer characterized by tumors growing in fatty tissues. This cancer can occur in any part of the body, but most often involves the thigh or the belly (abdomen).

Rarity: Ultra rare

Top Symptoms: fatigue, unintentional weight loss, abdominal bump, hard palpable mass, painless abdominal lump

Symptoms that always occur with cancer of fat cells: lump below the skin on the chest

Urgency: Primary care doctor

Questions Your Doctor May Ask About Hard Abdominal Lump

To diagnose this condition, your doctor would likely ask the following questions:

  • What color is the bump?
  • How would you describe the location of your abdominal lump/bump the best?
  • Do you feel pain when you touch the bump?
  • Do you have a rash?

The above questions are also covered by our A.I. Health Assistant.

If you've answered yes to one or more of these questions

Take a quiz to find out why you're having hard abdominal lump

Hard Abdominal Lump Symptom Checker Statistics

People who have experienced hard abdominal lump have also experienced:

  • 14% Abdominal Pain (Stomach Ache)
  • 7% Stomach Bloating
  • 5% Constipation

People who have experienced hard abdominal lump were most often matched with:

  • 100% Skin Abscess

People who have experienced hard abdominal lump had symptoms persist for:

  • 42% Over a month
  • 21% Less than a week
  • 17% Less than a day

Source: Aggregated and anonymized results from visits to the Buoy AI health assistant (check it out by clicking on “Take Quiz”).

Hard Abdominal Lump Symptom Checker

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