- Your Outer Ear Pain May Also be Known as:
- Aches and pains in ear
- Aches and pains in ears
- Ear ache
- Ear discomfort
- Ear hurts
- Ear is painful
- Ear soreness
- Ears ache
- Ears discomfort
Outer Ear Pain Symptoms
Outer ear pain usually begins as mild discomfort that is often worsened by pulling on the ear or pushing on the bump (tragus) in front of the ear. At the onset of outer ear pain symptoms, the appearance of the ear usually does not change. It may not look red, swollen or deformed, so initial symptoms may be easy to dismiss.
However, the outer ear is more than just the cartilaginous, fleshy part used for earrings and other piercings. The outer ear is also composed of a canal that runs from the eardrum to the outside of the head.
As a result, outer ear pain symptoms may progress to include symptoms such as:
- Itching inside the ear canal
- Slight redness inside the ear
- Some drainage of clear, odorless fluid from the ear
If not addressed promptly, outer ear pain and its associated symptoms can develop rapidly to include severe outer ear pain symptoms such as:
- Redness and swelling of the ear
- Pain that radiates from the ear to the face or neck
- Decreased or muffled hearing
- Excessive fluid drainage or pus
It is important to follow up on symptoms of outer ear pain promptly in order to get appropriate care and prevent the development of more severe symptoms and consequences.
Outer Ear Pain Causes Overview
The majority of causes of outer ear pain stem from infection of the outer ear canal or otitis externa. Since the ear is open to the outside world, it is easily susceptible to infection by both bacterial and viral causes. Even though the outer ear canal has natural defenses that work to keep the ears clean and prevent infection, any condition that compromises these natural defenses can result in outer ear pain symptoms.
- Scratches/Abrasions: Practices such as excessive cleaning of the ear with cotton swabs or scratching inside the ear with a finger can result in breaks in the skin that allow bacteria to grow.
- Sensitivity: Jewelry and sometimes hair products can cause allergy and irritation to the skin that can promote infection.
Conditions that result in excess moisture inside the ear canal create an environment ideal for bacterial growth.
Environmental: External factors such as swimming and heavy perspiration put moisture directly into the ear canal. Repeated exposure can result in bacterial growth and future infection.
Structural: Some people have narrow ear canals that make drainage of moisture more difficult. This structural anomaly causes blockage that traps water and promotes bacterial growth and infection.
Devices: Gadgets that you put directly into your ear such as headphones or hearing aids can also cause blockage that traps excess water.
Top 4 Outer Ear Pain Causes
1.Swimmer's Ear (Otitis Externa)
Swimmer's ear, also known as otitis externa, is inflammation, irritation, or infection of the outer ear and ear canal.
You should go to your primary care doctor in the next day or so. There, diagnosis can be confirmed by observation. Treatment with antibiotic drops will be started.
- Top Symptoms:
- fever, ear canal pain, ear fullness/pressure, jaw pain, ear pain that gets worse when moving
- Primary care doctor
2.Mild Frostbite of the Ears
Frostbite is tissue damage caused by exposure to the cold (at or below 32F or 0C). It is most commonly found in people doing leisurely activities like camping, hunting, or snow sports. It is also more likely in those who are intoxicated or have a mental disorder.
Those with suspected frostbite should have wet clothing removed. Rubbing affected areas worsens damage to the tissue. You should go to the ER by car, immediately. If rewarming can occur without chance of refreezing, it can be tried in the field. There, the doctors will guide you in gently re-warming the wounded area in 98-102F (37C-39C) water. Further, ibuprofen, antibiotics, a tetanus shot, and possibly surgery will be done to treat the pain and dead tissue. IV fluids will also be started. Hydrotherapy will be done daily to help with the wounded area.
- Top Symptoms:
- cold ears, turning blue or purple from coldness, pain when a cold area gets warmed, ear numbness, pale ears
- Symptoms that always occur with mild frostbite of the ears:
- cold ears
- Hospital emergency room
Outer Ear Pain Checker
Take a quiz to find out why you’re having outer ear pain.Take a quiz
3.Mild Frostnip of the Ears
Frostnip is damage of the outermost layers of the skin caused by exposure to the cold (at or below 32F or 0C). It is most commonly found in people doing leisurely activities like camping, hunting, or snow sports.
Those with suspected frostnip should have wet clothing removed. Rubbing affected areas worsens damage to the tissue. You should go to an urgent care. If rewarming can occur without chance of refreezing, it can be tried in the field. At urgent care, the doctors will guide you in gently re-warming the wounded area in 98-102F (37C-39C) water. Further, ibuprofen, antibiotics, and a tetanus shot may be necessary
- Top Symptoms:
- cold ears, turning blue or purple from coldness, pain when a cold area gets warmed, ear numbness, outer ear pain
- Symptoms that always occur with mild frostnip of the ears:
- cold ears
- In-person visit
Relapsing polychondritis is an episodic, inflammatory and destructive disorder involving primarily cartilage of the ear and nose. It can also potentially affect the eyes, tracheobronchial tree, heart valves, kidneys, joints, skin, and blood vessels.
You should visit your primary care physician for mild severity of relapsing polychondritis. Medications such as NSAIDs and steroids are generally prescribed.
- Top Symptoms:
- shortness of breath, joint pain, congestion, wheezing, runny nose
- Primary care doctor
Outer Ear Pain Treatments and Relief
At the onset of outer ear pain symptoms, seek prompt medical attention.
Your doctor will treat your outer ear pain by stopping the infection and allowing the ear to heal.
- Drainage/Cleaning: Your doctor will use suction or a small device to drain water and clear away debris, earwax or extra skin. This is necessary to allow for the next step, the antibiotic eardrops, to move freely through all infected areas of the ear. Depending on the extent of blockage or swelling, your doctor may insert cotton or gauze in the ear to promote drainage instead.
- Eardrops: Your doctor will prescribe eardrops with a combination of ingredients that fight bacteria and fungi. These will also reduce inflammation and help restore your ear's normal pH balance.
- Pain medication: To ease the outer ear pain symptoms, your doctor may suggest over-the-counter non-opioid pain medications.
During treatment make sure to take your eardrops as prescribed. Avoid getting water in your ears (even during showers) and do not use headphones, hearing aids or earplugs until pain or discharge has stopped.
In order to prevent outer ear pain symptoms from occurring, there are many things you can do at home and change in your normal routine.
- Keep your ears dry: Thoroughly dry your ears after exposure to moisture from swimming or bathing. Practice techniques such as tipping the head to the side to help water drainage from the ear canal and wipe the outer ear slowly and gently with a towel.
- Do not put foreign objects in your ear: Do not attempt to scratch or dig out earwax with objects such as cotton swabs (Q-tips) or paper clips. These items may not only irritate or break the skin in your ear but can also pack the material deeper into your ear canal worsening blockage and moisture buildup.
- Protect your ears from irritants: Be conscious of the type and quality of jewelry and piercings you use on your ears. Furthermore, protect your ear canal from hair sprays and dyes by using cotton balls or other protective measures.
Questions Your Doctor May Ask About Outer Ear Pain
- Q.Does one ear or do both ears hurt?
- Q.How long has your outer ear(s) been hurting?
- Q.Any fever today or during the last week?
- Q.Have you been feeling more tired than usual, lethargic or fatigued despite sleeping a normal amount?
If you've answered yes to one or more of these questions, check our outer ear pain symptom checker.Take a quiz
Outer Ear Pain Symptom Checker Statistics
People who have experienced outer ear pain have also experienced:
- 11% Ear Canal Pain
- 8% Pain Behind the Ear
- 7% Headache
People who have experienced outer ear pain had symptoms persist for:
- 45% Less Than a Week
- 29% Less Than a Day
- 12% Over a Month
People who have experienced outer ear pain were most often matched with:
- 39% Swimmer's Ear (Otitis Externa)