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Learn about your painful periods, including causes and common questions. Or get a personalized analysis of your painful periods from our A.I. health assistant. At Buoy, we build tools that help you know what’s wrong right now and how to get the right care.

Painful Periods Checker

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Your Painful Periods May Also be Known as:
Burning during period
Dull pain during period
Menstrual cramps
Menstrual pain
Pain during menstruation
Sharp pain during period
Shooting pain during period
Throbbing pain during period

Top 5 Painful Periods Causes

  1. 1.Menstrual Cramps

    Dysmenorrhea is a term describing pain associated with menstruation (or when one gets a period). It's very common, happening to about 50% of women. Primary dysmenorrhea means that the pain is directly caused by a menstrual period, which is different than "secondary" dysmenorrhea, where a disorder is causing the pain.

    You can make minor lifestyle changes like exercising and eating better, which may improve your symptoms. For temporary relief, take an Advil, Motrin, or any other type of ibuprofen.

    Rarity:
    Common
    Top Symptoms:
    abdominal pain (stomach ache), abdominal cramps (stomach cramps), painful periods, lower back pain, abdominal pain that shoots to the back
    Symptoms that always occur with menstrual cramps:
    abdominal pain (stomach ache)
    Symptoms that never occur with menstrual cramps:
    being severely ill
    Urgency:
    Self-treatment
  2. 2.Uterine Fibroids

    Uterine fibroids are noncancerous tumors in the uterus. They are common in women of childbearing age.

    You should visit your primary care physician to discuss symptoms.

    Rarity:
    Common
    Top Symptoms:
    vaginal bleeding, pelvis pain, abdominal cramps (stomach cramps), painful periods, irregular period
    Urgency:
    Primary care doctor

    Painful Periods Checker

    Take a quiz to find out why you’re having painful periods.

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  3. 3.Intrauterine Adhesions

    Scars in the womb are called 'intrauterine adhesions'. These can develop after certain procedures like curettage, a procedure where the inner lining of the womb is scraped. Curettage is used to induce abortion, remove placental remnants after child birth or for the removal of uterine fibroids or myoma's. Symptoms of this condition can be abnormal vaginal bleeding, pelvic pain or recurrent pregnancy loss.

    You should discuss your symptoms with your primary care physician or OB/GYN. He/she will likely perform further testing like a hormone test and/or a hysteroscopy.

    Rarity:
    Common
    Top Symptoms:
    vaginal bleeding, pelvis pain, painful periods, irregular period, heavy menstrual flow
    Urgency:
    Primary care doctor
  4. 4.Endometriosis

    Endometriosis is a disorder in which the tissue that normally lines the uterine walls grows outside the uterus.

    You should visit your physician. The physician will likely do a pelvic exam or ultrasound of the pelvis.

    Rarity:
    Uncommon
    Top Symptoms:
    vaginal discharge, abdominal pain (stomach ache), vaginal bleeding, pelvis pain, painful periods
    Urgency:
    Primary care doctor
  5. 5.Mature Cystic Teratoma of the Ovary

    The ovary is an important part of the female reproductive system. An ovarian cyst is a fluid-filled sac in the ovarian tissue. It is not a cancerous growth but because it is in such a small organ it can cause pressure and pain.

    You should schedule an appointment with your doctor, who may recommend a minimally invasive procedure to remove the cyst.

    Rarity:
    Rare
    Top Symptoms:
    abdominal pain (stomach ache), pelvis pain, painful periods, painful sex, abdominal bump
    Urgency:
    Primary care doctor

Questions Your Doctor May Ask About Painful Periods

  • Q.Are you currently sexually active?
  • Q.Do your symptoms occur or worsen before or during your period?
  • Q.Do you feel pain when you urinate?
  • Q.Has your vaginal discharge been getting better or worse?

If you've answered yes to one or more of these questions, check our painful periods symptom checker.

Take a quiz

Painful Periods Symptom Checker Statistics

  • People who have experienced painful periods have also experienced:

    • 16% Bloody Vaginal Discharge
    • 13% Vaginal Bleeding
    • 4% Vaginal Discharge
  • People who have experienced painful periods were most often matched with:

    • 19% Menstrual Cramps
    • 14% Uterine Fibroids
    • 1% Intrauterine Adhesions
  • Source: Aggregated and anonymized results from visits to the Buoy AI health assistant (check it out by clicking on “Take Quiz”).

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    Painful Periods Checker

    Take a quiz to find out why you’re having painful periods.

    Take a quiz