Read below about painful periods, including causes and common questions. Or get a personalized analysis of your painful periods from our A.I. health assistant. At Buoy, we build tools that help you know what’s wrong right now and how to get the right care.

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A.I. Health Assistant Causes for Painful Periods

Updated on Aug. 29, 2018

The list below shows results from the use of our A.I. Health Assistant by Buoy users who experienced painful periods. This list does not constitute medical advice.

  1. 1.Menstrual Cramps

    Dysmenorrhea is a term describing pain associated with menstruation (or when one gets a period). It's very common, happening to about 50% of women. Primary dysmenorrhea means that the pain is directly caused by a menstrual period, which is different than "secondary" dysmenorrhea, where a disorder is causing the pain.

    2-3 days before a period. Peaks in the mid-20s and declines in frequency afterwards.

    Rarity:
    Common
    Top Symptoms:
    abdominal pain (stomach ache), abdominal cramps (stomach cramps), painful periods, lower back pain, abdominal pain that shoots to the back
    Symptoms that always occur with menstrual cramps:
    abdominal pain (stomach ache)
    Symptoms that never occur with menstrual cramps:
    being severely ill, disapearance of periods for over a year
    Urgency:
    Self-treatment
  2. 2.Endometriosis

    Endometriosis is a disorder in which the tissue that normally lines the uterine walls grows outside the uterus.

    Recovery is dependent on severity of disease and treatment approach.

    Rarity:
    Uncommon
    Top Symptoms:
    vaginal discharge, abdominal pain (stomach ache), vaginal bleeding, pelvis pain, painful periods
    Urgency:
    Primary care doctor

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  3. 3.Uterine Fibroids

    Uterine fibroids are noncancerous tumors in the uterus. They are common in women of childbearing age.

    Treatment ranges from medication to surgical removal of the fibroid.

    Rarity:
    Common
    Top Symptoms:
    vaginal bleeding, pelvis pain, abdominal cramps (stomach cramps), painful periods, irregular period
    Urgency:
    Primary care doctor
  4. 4.Mature Cystic Teratoma of the Ovary

    The ovary is an important part of the female reproductive system. An ovarian cyst is a fluid-filled sac in the ovarian tissue. It is not a cancerous growth but because it is in such a small organ it can cause pressure and pain.

    Ovarian cysts are not cancerous, and a majority go away by themselves. However, consult a physician to prevent any rare complications.

    Rarity:
    Ultra rare
    Top Symptoms:
    abdominal pain (stomach ache), pelvis pain, painful periods, painful sex, spontaneous back pain
    Urgency:
    Primary care doctor

Questions Your Doctor May Ask About Painful Periods

  • Q.Are you sexually active?
  • Q.Have you given birth to any children?
  • Q.Do your symptoms occur or worsen before or during your period?
  • Q.Have you ever had any surgeries?

If you've answered yes to one or more of these questions, try our painful periods symptom checker to find out more.

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Painful Periods Symptom Checker Statistics

  • People who have experienced painful periods have also experienced:

    • 14% Bloody Vaginal Discharge
    • 11% Vaginal Bleeding
    • 3% Vaginal Discharge
  • People who have experienced painful periods were most often matched with:

    • 42% Endometriosis
    • 42% Uterine Fibroids
    • 14% Menstrual Cramps
  • Source: Aggregated and anonymized results from visits to the Buoy AI health assistant (check it out by clicking on “Take Quiz”).

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