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Learn about your testicle pain, including causes, treatment options and remedies. Or get a personalized analysis of your testicle pain from our A.I. health assistant. At Buoy, we build tools that help you know what’s wrong right now and how to get the right care.

Testicle Pain Checker

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Your Testicle Pain May Also be Known as:
Aches and pains in balls
Aches and pains in genitalia
Aches and pains in genitals
Aches and pains in scrotum
Aches and pains in testicle
Aches and pains in testicles
Balls ache
Balls discomfort
Balls pain
Balls soreness

Testicle Pain Symptoms

It's enough to send even the most stoic men running to the doctor's office worried about precious cargo – and rightfully so. Testicular pain symptoms often indicate a problem down under. The testicles serve two important functions: production of sperm and testosterone, the male sex hormone. They're very sensitive and there are many different causes of testicular pain.

Think of the testicles as two balls hanging by ropes with very little natural padding. The slightest disturbance may lead to discomfort even when the problem isn't confined to the testicles themselves. Pain may also come from the epididymitis, which is a curved tube that sits on each testicle to store sperm, or from the scrotum, which is the sack that holds the testicles. In some cases, the pain may originate in other parts of the body like the kidney or bowel.

Testicular pain symptoms include:

Testicle Pain Causes Overview

Testicular pain may indicate a problem with the testicle itself or with surrounding structures like the epididymis or scrotum. Discomfort may range in severity and can be due to issues like inflammation, fluid buildup or infection.

Infection testicular pain causes:

  • Sexually transmitted infections: Bacteria like gonorrhea or chlamydia can enter through the penis and cause pain and inflammation in the testicles or surrounding structures like the epididymis or prostate.
  • Urinary tract infection: Though less common in men, those who are older or frail can be vulnerable to UTIs that may also lead to testicular discomfort.
  • Viruses: In those who are not vaccinated, the mumps can cause pain and swelling of the testicles, especially in adolescents and young adults.

Physical testicular pain causes:

  • Torsion: A testicle can twist around and lead to a kink in the nerves and blood vessels that supply it, causing severe and sudden pain that is a medical emergency.
  • Fluid buildup: Fluid can accumulate around the testicle or epididymis or in the scrotum, leading to increase in size and an uncomfortable feeling of heaviness.

Other testicular pain causes:

  • Referred pain: Discomfort that comes from other parts of the body, like the kidneys, may feel like it is coming from the testicles.
  • Diabetic neuropathy: Damage to nerves in people with high blood sugar can cause testicular pain.
  • Cancer: While this is a common concern of men with testicular pain, it is almost always diagnosed as a painless lump on the testicle.

Top 9 Testicle Pain Causes

  1. 1.Chronic Prostatitis

    Prostatitis is swelling and irritation of the prostate gland. The prostate gland sits under the bladder, near the rectum, and produces the fluid that carries sperm.

    You should visit your primary care physician. Your doctor will want to make sure that you do not have any other conditions and may write a prescription for medication.

    Rarity:
    Common
    Top Symptoms:
    urinary changes, painful urination, testicle pain, frequent urination, constant but weak urination stream
    Urgency:
    Primary care doctor
  2. 2.Chlamydia (Male)

    Chlamydia is a common bacterial infection that is spread by sexual contact. It can often be carried without symptoms, but can have serious health effects if left untreated.

    You should visit a physician to confirm the diagnosis and begin an antibiotic regiment immediately.

    Rarity:
    Common
    Top Symptoms:
    painful urination, sudden urgency to urinate, testicle pain, fluid leaking, frequent urination
    Urgency:
    Primary care doctor
  3. 3.Urinary Tract Infection

    Urinary tract infections are bacterial infections of the tube that takes urine from the kidney all the way out of the body.

    You should go to your primary care physician in the next 24 hours to be treated. UTIs are treated with antibiotics. However, diagnosing why you has a UTI will be very important to making sure it doesn't happen again.

    Rarity:
    Uncommon
    Top Symptoms:
    fever, urinary changes, penis pain, sudden urgency to urinate, painful urination
    Symptoms that always occur with urinary tract infection:
    hidden: urinary changes: atrophy or inflammation
    Urgency:
    Primary care doctor
  4. 4.Groin Hernia

    A hernia occurs when a loop of intestine bulges out through the abdominal wall. With age, the supportive tissues that keep organs within the abdomen become weaker, and the risk for a hernia increases. Groin hernias, called inguinal hernias, are the most common type. They often result due to muscle straining, such as during heavy lifting.

    A physician is needed to determine the course of treatment. A hernia reduction will be attempted, meaning that the bulging loop of intestine will be carefully pushed back, if possible. Then, your doctor will recommend surgery in some cases. Often, watchful waiting is the preferred route in minimally symptomatic hernias.

    Rarity:
    Uncommon
    Top Symptoms:
    pain in the lower right abdomen, pain in the lower left abdomen, groin pain, testicle pain, groin lump
    Urgency:
    Primary care doctor

    Testicle Pain Checker

    Take a quiz to find out why you’re having testicle pain.

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  5. 5.Chlamydia (Male)

    Chlamydia is a common bacterial infection that is spread by sexual contact. It can often be carried without symptoms, but can have serious health effects if left untreated.

    You should visit a physician to confirm the diagnosis and begin an antibiotic regiment immediately.

    Rarity:
    Uncommon
    Top Symptoms:
    testicle pain, sudden urgency to urinate, painful urination, frequent urination, fluid leaking
    Urgency:
    Primary care doctor
  6. 6.Chlamydia (Male)

    Chlamydia is a common bacterial infection that is spread by sexual contact. It can often be carried without symptoms, but can have serious health effects if left untreated.

    You should visit a physician to confirm the diagnosis and begin an antibiotic regimen immediately.

    Rarity:
    Rare
    Top Symptoms:
    sudden urgency to urinate, testicle pain, frequent urination, painful urination, testicular swelling
    Urgency:
    Primary care doctor
  7. 7.Chlamydia (Male)

    Chlamydia is a common bacterial infection that is spread by sexual contact. It can often be carried without symptoms, but can have serious health effects if left untreated.

    You should visit a physician to confirm the diagnosis and begin an antibiotic regiment immediately.

    Rarity:
    Rare
    Top Symptoms:
    testicle pain, sudden urgency to urinate, painful urination, frequent urination, fluid leaking
    Urgency:
    Primary care doctor
  8. 8.Testicular Torsion

    Testicular torsion occurs when the testicle rotates which cuts off the testicle's blood supply. This causes severe pain and swelling.

    Testicular torsion is likely to require emergency surgery. You should go to the nearest ER.

    Rarity:
    Rare
    Top Symptoms:
    nausea, vomiting, testicle pain, pain in one testicle, testicular swelling
    Symptoms that always occur with testicular torsion:
    testicle pain
    Urgency:
    Hospital emergency room
  9. 9.Penile Irritation

    Irritation of the penis is common, and can come from a number of benign causes. Common causes include cleaning with a new kind of soap, cleaning too much, or chaffing.

    You should only clean your penis very lightly with a damp cloth. Do not use soap or scrub very hard. You should not wear tight underwear or pants until symptoms resolve. Petroleum jelly can help with irritation, but avoid lotions or cremes, as the perfumes and other chemicals in them can worsen irritation.

    Rarity:
    Common
    Top Symptoms:
    penis itch, penile redness
    Symptoms that never occur with penile irritation:
    fever, painful urination, testicle pain
    Urgency:
    Self-treatment

Testicle Pain Treatments and Relief

Since the testicles are very sensitive and vulnerable to damage, it's best to see your doctor when testicular pain develops. A healthcare professional can best determine if the pain must be treated immediately or if you can deal with the problem at home with rest and medication.

Get in the habit of performing monthly self-examinations, so you know exactly what's changed when you have a concern.

  • Start after a warm shower or bath when your testicles are relaxed and easy to feel and hold each testicle between your thumb and forefinger.
  • Get to know the various structures, including the epididymis, which feels like a soft rope on the back of the testicle.
  • Pay particular attention to any new lumps or bumps. While testicular cancer is usually painless, discomfort may indicate an infection or buildup of fluid that should be evaluated by your doctor.

At-home testicular pain treatments:

  • Avoid strenuous activity: Heavy lifting or exercise can increase the pain and worsen underlying symptoms like swelling.
  • Wear supportive underwear: Briefs are better than boxers and can help alleviate pain and swelling associated with common testicular problems.
  • Over-the-counter medication: Painkillers like Tylenol or Advil can be effective in treating minor testicular pain symptoms.
  • Icepacks:"Gentle" application of icepacks for a few minutes at a time can be particularly helpful in reducing swelling.

Professional testicular pain treatments:

  • Antibiotics: These treat testicular pain caused by bacteria, such as chlamydia or gonorrhea, or a urinary tract infection.
  • Ultrasound: A doctor may perform this test to make sure that the blood flow to your testicles is not blocked and to see if there is any fluid buildup in the area.
  • Surgery: If the blood flow to your testicle is blocked, you will need surgery right away. Otherwise, routine surgery can help treat causes of testicular pain like fluid buildup.

You should visit a doctor right away if you have:

  • Testicular pain that comes on suddenly or is very severe
  • Nausea, vomiting, fever or chills with the pain
  • Trauma to the penis or testicles, such as during sex
  • Blood in your urine

Questions Your Doctor May Ask About Testicle Pain

  • Q.Is your testicle pain constant or come-and-go?
  • Q.Any fever today or during the last week?
  • Q.Have you experienced any nausea?
  • Q.Are you currently sexually active?

If you've answered yes to one or more of these questions, check our testicle pain symptom checker.

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Testicle Pain Symptom Checker Statistics

  • People who have experienced testicle pain have also experienced:

    • 9% Abdominal Pain (Stomach Ache)
    • 6% Lower Back Pain
    • 4% Penis Pain
  • People who have experienced testicle pain had symptoms persist for:

    • 26% Over a Month
    • 26% Less Than a Week
    • 25% Less Than a Day
  • People who have experienced testicle pain were most often matched with:

    • 11% Urinary Tract Infection
    • 7% Chronic Prostatitis
    • 4% Chlamydia (Male)

Testicle Pain Checker

Take a quiz to find out why you’re having testicle pain.

Take a quiz