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General Medical

Acromegaly is disorder in the pituitary glands caused by a noncancerous tumor and results in the swelling or enlargement of the face, hands, and feet.

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If you have severe pain in the upper right part of your abdomen, particularly after eating, and you’re nauseous, you may have gallstones. These are common but sometimes they get stuck and block the gallbladder exit, causing it to become inflamed and sometimes infected.

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Chronic fatigue syndrome causes extreme fatigue that persists for more than six months, doesn't improve with rest, and you can feel more tired after physical, cognitive, or emotional exertion.

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Chronic kidney disease is long-term damage to the kidneys due to underlying conditions such as diabetes, hypertension, kidney infections, or inflammatory disease. Symptoms of chronic kidney disease include swelling, low urine output, fatigue, weakness, chest pain, shortness of breath, and others.

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Congenital adrenal hyperplasia (CAH) is an inherited (genetic) disorder that causes the adrenal glands to make too much or too little of important hormones.

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Copper is a natural element found in a variety of body proteins. A copper deficiency can lead to fatigue, weakness and other, more severe symptoms.

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If you have diabetes, you’re at increased risk for foot complications. Learn the symptoms and causes of foot problems, how to protect your feet, and when to see a doctor.

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Diabetic ketoacidosis is a serious complication of diabetes. It requires urgent medical care. Learn about the symptoms, prognosis, and possible treatments.

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Diabetic neuropathy is nerve damage caused by longstanding or poorly controlled diabetes and other conditions. Symptoms include a loss of sensation, weakness, pain, nausea, and more. Learn which symptoms can be treated.

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Diabetes can cause damage to your retina, potentially leaving you blind. There are four stages of diabetic retinopathy, and it's crucial to get treatment right away before it progresses to the next stage.

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Gallstones are incredibly painful stones that form in the gallbladder, the organ responsible for storing bile, which helps the liver with digestion. When stones block the gallbladder’s drainage system, it can cause inflammation and be extremely painful. It may need immediate surgery.

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This article will review the symptoms, causes, management, and prevention of Goodpasture syndrome. Symptoms include fatigue, weakness, nausea, a loss of appetite, pale skin, lung symptoms such as a cough, shortness of breath, or coughing up blood, and kidney symptoms such as painful urination, reduced urination, and swelling, among others.

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Gout is a type of arthritis that typically attacks the big toe, but it can affect knees and sometimes other joints. Uric acid builds up in the joint causing the pain and inflammation.

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Wegener's granulomatosis, or granulomatosis with polyangiitis, is a disorder in which a dysregulated immune system causes inflammation of small blood vessels.

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Type 2 diabetes causes high blood sugar levels. Know the early signs of diabetes, and when to get tested.

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Overactive thyroid (or hyperthyroidism) is a fairly common condition caused by excess thyroid hormone, which leads to symptoms of hyperexcitation such as tremor and rapid heartbeat. While severe cases can be dangerous, most are mild and relatively simple to treat.

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Hypoparathyroidism is a condition in which the body doesn't make enough parathyroid hormone (PTH). PTH regulates calcium and phosphorus in your bones and blood.

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This article will review the symptoms, causes, and management of hypothyroidism. Symptoms of hypothyroidism include coldness, weight gain, dry skin, constipation, and depression, among others.

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Idiopathic hypersomnia is a sleep disorder in which a person is excessively sleepy during the day and has great difficulty being awakened from sleep. Read on main symptoms, causes and treatment options.

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IgA Nephropathy, or Berger's Disease, is a chronic disease in which immunoglobulin A (IgA) deposits in the kidneys, causing kidney damage.

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Insomnia is when it takes a long time to fall asleep, or you wake up in the middle of the night and can’t fall back asleep. It can lead to other issues in your life, but there are ways to try to get a better night’s sleep.

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Interstitial nephritis is a kidney condition characterized by swelling in between the kidney tubules. Symptoms include fatigue, itching, urinary changes, and twitching.

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Kidney stones are extremely painful. If you get one, you often have to wait it out. There are steps you can take to reduce the pain and speed the stone’s passing. But you should also be on the lookout for signs of complications.

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Kleine-Levin syndrome (KLS) is a very rare sleep disorder characterized by persistent episodic hypersomnia and cognitive or mood changes.

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The liver is an incredibly important organ, so liver failure is a very serious condition with widespread consequences. Acute liver failure occurs over days to weeks, most commonly due to acetaminophen (Tylenol/paracetamol) overdose or viruses such as hepatitis B.

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Fibromyalgia causes chronic pain throughout the body in addition to muscle pain, tenderness, and joint stiffness. Fortunately, new treatment strategies are helping patients better cope with fibromyalgia.

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Lupus is an inflammatory disease caused by the immune system attacking itself and can affect the joints, skin, kidneys, blood cells, brain, heart, and lungs.

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This article will review the symptoms, causes, and management of macrophage activation syndrome. Symptoms include fever, a painful mass or masses in the abdomen, easy bruising or bleeding, swollen lymph nodes, a rash, headache, confusion, vision changes, seizures and/or coma as well as difficulty breathing.

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Myofascial pain syndrome (MPS) is a chronic pain disorder that usually affects a specific group of muscles in your body. It’s caused by tight, contracted bands of fibers in your muscles called trigger points.

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This article will review the symptoms, causes, and management of myxedema coma. Myxedema coma is a rare complication of severe hypothyroidism and a life-threatening medical emergency.

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Nephrotic syndrome is a disorder of the kidneys that results in too much protein excreted into your urine. It is usually associated with damaged kidneys.

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Obstructive sleep apnea is when you briefly stop breathing while sleeping. You probably don’t know you’re doing it but it can make you feel very tired during the day. Learn the symptoms and effective treatments.

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Prediabetes means that your blood sugar level is high, but not high enough to be diabetes. Diet and exercise can get rid of prediabetes and lower your risk of getting type 2 diabetes.

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Psoriatic arthritis (PA) is a chronic inflammatory, autoimmune disease. The joint and skin are being attacked by the immune system. Joint inflammation can lead to severe arthritis unless diagnosed and treated early.

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Psoriatic disease is a chronic disease driven by an overactive immune system that attacks the skin and the joints. It causes itchy, red, scaly patches (plaques) to appear on the skin (called psoriasis). It also causes painful, swollen joints.

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Pyelonephritis is an infection of the kidneys, caused by a urinary tract infection (UTI) that travels up to the kidneys. It can be dangerous and needs immediate attention.

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Raynaud’s phenomenon (Raynaud’s syndrome) causes your fingers and toes to feel cold. It happens when you get less blood flow to your extremities. It usually improves when you warm them back up.

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Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is an autoimmune disease where your body targets and destroys the healthy tissues that cover your joints. It causes pain, swelling, and stiffness around your joints. There are several ways to treat RA.

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Sarcoidosis causes inflammation, usually in lungs, skin, or lymph nodes. It can affect many organs in your body or just one or two, and in many different ways.

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Type 1 diabetes is when your body can’t produce enough insulin to regulate blood sugar levels. The disease can be life-threatening. Despite that, it is a highly treatable condition.

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B12 deficiency can cause serious damage to the nervous system and lead to difficulties in cognition, balance, motion, and an inability to create sufficient blood cells to supply the body with oxygen.

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Churg-Strauss syndrome, now known as eosinophilic granulomatosis with polyangiitis (EGPA), is a rare disease that causes asthma, sinus infections, hay fever, and other respiratory symptoms. Because these symptoms are so common, it can be hard to diagnose—but treatment can significantly help symptoms, so knowing the signs is key.

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Find out how to prevent and treat cirrhosis

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Cushing's syndrome (hypercortisolism) is a condition that causes unusually high levels of the cortisol hormone in the body. It’s usually caused by taking long-term steroid medications. The signs can be subtle—but left untreated, it can cause high blood pressure and diabetes.

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Find out how to treat your dehydration

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Find out how to treat enlarged lymph nodes in the armpit

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Find out how to treat your enlarged lymph nodes in the groin

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Find out how to treat your enlarged lymph nodes in the neck

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A fibromyalgia flare can make it hard to get through the day and can last as long as a few weeks. Here are the most common triggers and how to avoid them.

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As scary as being diagnosed with HIV sounds, there are treatments that can help you live a long, healthy life. Here’s how to know if you’re at risk for HIV, ways to get tested, and the latest medications to manage the disease.

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Find out how to treat your low calcium level (Hypocalcemia)

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Osteoporosis makes your bones weak, brittle, and more likely to fracture. It is most common in postmenopausal women. Immediate treatment is important so you can strengthen your bones and lower your risk of experiencing fractures.

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Find out the latest treatments for being overweight or obese.

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Dehydration occurs when there is more water loss than water gain. Elder adults are more likely to become dehydrated because of decreased thirst and lower fluid content in the body. It can easily be treated with water or sports drinks.

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Thoracic outlet syndrome causes pain in your shoulders and neck and numbness in your fingers. It’s caused by compression of nerves or blood vessels in the upper chest. Physical therapy and exercise can help.

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Abnormal growths of thyroid tissue at the base of your neck are common and often harmless. But sometimes they can be a sign of thyroid cancer, so all thyroid nodules should be checked by your doctor.

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Type 2 diabetes occurs when your blood sugar levels are too high. It’s caused by several factors, such as family history and an unhealthy diet. Untreated diabetes can cause damage throughout the body, so prompt diagnosis and treatment is very important.

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