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Women's Health

Atrophic vaginitis affects 47% of postmenopausal women and is caused by low levels of estrogen. Symptoms may include vaginal dryness, itching, or burning. Treatments may include lubricants, lifestyle changes as well as estrogen therapy.

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Bacterial vaginosis (BV) is a common condition that causes vaginal discharge. It’s often described as having a fishy odor, and can cause pain and itching around the vagina. It’s usually treated with either vaginal or oral antibiotics.

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A Bartholin's cyst is a fluid-filled mass that can develop near the opening of the vagina that may be painful or painless. They may cause discomfort with or without activity and do not necessarily require treatment.

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A breast abscess is a collection of infected fluid, or pus, within the breast that is generally painful. Other symptoms of a breast abscess include fever, chills, fatigue, and body aches. Treatment for a breast abscess involves antibiotics or a procedure to drain the fluid.

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A cervical polyp is a common benign tumor on the surface of the cervical canal. They cause irregular menstrual bleeding but often show little symptoms.

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An ectopic pregnancy is when a fertilized egg (called an embryo) attaches itself outside of the womb. It is a serious condition that can cause severe abdominal pain and heavy, life-threatening bleeding.

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An endometrial polyp is a usually noncancerous growth attached to the inner wall of the uterus, common for women undergoing or who have completed menopause.

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A fibroadenoma is a benign (non-cancerous) breast tumor from overgrown cells forming a mass. It is the most common kind of breast tumor in young women.

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Gestational diabetes is a form of high blood sugar affecting pregnant women with little to no symptoms. Treatments include monitoring blood sugar and maintaining a diet.

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A heart attack in a woman is a life-threatening event caused by a disruption in the blood flow to the heart. Women tend to have "silent" attacks and show unusual symptoms.

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You are in menopause when you haven’t had a period for 12 months. For some women, it can trigger a lot of physical and mental symptoms, from hot flashes to depression.

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Many women have pain mid-cycle, when they are ovulating. It is also known as mittelschmerz. The pain may last a few minutes to a few hours. It varies from a sharp cramp to a dull ache.

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Having a nutritious diet, a healthy body weight, exercising, and reducing stress are great ways to enhance your fertility.

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Ovarian cancer is an abnormal growth of cells in the ovaries. Different types of ovarian cancer can present at different ages and with different symptoms.

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Ovarian cysts are common, usually don’t cause any symptoms or problems, and go away on their own. Symptoms vary depending on the impact of the cyst on surrounding structures and include a large amount of bleeding, pain after sex, severe pelvic pain, and other symptoms.

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Polycystic ovary syndrome is a hormonal condition common in women of reproductive age, resulting in menstrual abnormalities and an excess of androgen testosterone.

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Pelvic inflammatory disease (PID) is an infection in the female reproductive system—the uterus, fallopian tubes, or ovaries. It’s usually caused by sexually transmitted diseases and needs to be treated to prevent complications.

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Problems with your menstrual cycle include missed periods, irregular menstrual cycle, heavy bleeding, and premenstrual syndrome (PMS).

Premenstrual dysphoric disorder (PMDD) is a mood disorder that is affected by your menstrual cycle (your period). PMDD causes severe mood swings as well as physical symptoms. It is a more severe version of premenstrual syndrome—or PMS.

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Premenstrual syndrome (PMS) has many different symptoms, like bloating, cramping, and mood/behavioral changes. Figure out what’s causing your symptoms and how to find relief.

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Primary ovarian insufficiency is a loss of normal function of the ovaries before age 40, also known as early menopause. Learn the symptoms, causes, and how to manage treatment.

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A prolactinoma is abnormal growth of the cells that produce prolactin hormones in the pituitary gland. Symptoms in women include the absence of a menstrual period, infertility, and nipple discharge. Symptoms in men include decreased libido, erectile dysfunction, infertility, and breast enlargement.

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A yeast infection is a common infection in the vagina that many women experience at least once. It causes itching, a change in normal vaginal discharge, or an unusual odor.

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From abstinence, to IUDs, to the pull out method, we’re ranking how likely you can get pregnant from your prevention method of choice.

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Side effects of the pill, such as spotting and nausea, are milder than ever and often go away after a few months. Know what to expect and what to do if they’re lasting or severe.

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Find out how to treat your breast cyst

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Breast pain is common and often caused by something harmless, like the changes in hormone levels related to your period. Other causes include pregnancy, breast cysts, and having large breasts.

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Endometriosis is a common, sometimes painful disorder where the tissue that lines the inside of your uterus grows on other organs. It’s not clear what causes it, but there are several ways to get relief from symptoms such as pelvic pain.

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While it’s normal to lose small amounts of hair, excessive shedding of strands isn’t. Some causes, like the way you treat it, are preventable, but others may require treatment.

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Find out how to diagnose and treat intrauterine adhesions

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Breast cancer is cancer in the breast cells. It can stay local to the breast tissue or travel (metastasize) to other parts of your body. It needs to be treated as soon as possible—typically with a combination of chemotherapy, radiation, and surgery.

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Lightning crotch is a sharp, shooting pain that can happen toward the end of your pregnancy. It can feel scary, but it’s from your baby getting into position for delivery.

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Low estrogen is most commonly caused by menopause, which can trigger many symptoms such as hot flashes and mood changes. Hormone replacement therapy and other medications can help you find relief.

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Menstrual cramps cause abdominal pain before and during your period. Mild menstrual cramps can often be treated at home, but see your doctor for severe cramps. You may need to be treated with prescription medication or even surgery.

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Round ligament pain occurs during the second and third trimesters of pregnancy and feels like a sharp pain in the lower abdomen area. It’s normal but there are things you can do to try to prevent it.

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Find out how to treat a uterine fibroids

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Vulvodynia is a chronic condition that affects the vulva (the genitals outside a woman’s body), causing symptoms like rawness and burning for no known reason. While there is no cure, treatments such as medication and physical therapy can offer relief.

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