Lower Extremities & Feet
Toenail pain can be caused by an ingrown toenail, a stubbed toe, or an infection. See your doctor if your pain is not improving or if it’s red and swollen, which is a sign of an infection.
Mainly ankle pain is caused by sprains/strains. Other ankle pain causes are arthritis, gout or infections. Find out the causes and treatments for your ankle pain.
Understand your buckling knee symptoms, including 8 causes & common questions.
Understand your calf lump symptoms with Buoy, including 4 causes and common questions concerning your calf lump.
Understand your cold feet symptoms with Buoy, including 6 causes and common questions concerning your cold feet.
Dry skin between the toes is usually caused by a fungal infection known as athlete's foot. Other causes for cracks between toes can arise from contact dermatitis or skin infections.
If you're having difficulty walking, it could be caused by a range of conditions, from those that affect your muscles and bones to ones that affect your nerves.
Aching knees can be caused by damage to knee cartilage, ligaments, tendons, or other muscle tissues. The most common cause of achy knee pain include a meniscal injury, patellofemoral pain syndrome, or runner's knee. Read on for more information on causes and treatment options.
Are you experiencing a dull ache in your thigh? The thigh contains one major bone and many muscles, nerves, and arteries, so aching thighs may signify an underlying condition that needs medical attention.
Understand your foot bruise symptoms, including 5 causes & common questions.
Understand your foot deformity symptoms, including 6 causes & common questions.
Numbness in the feet can be caused from trauma from an injury or nerve damage to any part of the leg that may affect your feet. Other causes of feet numbness include restless leg syndrome, sciatica, or tarsal tunnel syndrome. Read below for more information on causes and treatment options.
Foot pain can be caused by minor issues like a blister or ingrown toenail that can be treated at home. It can also be caused by more serious conditions, such as a fracture or gout.
Foot redness is usually caused by skin infections or fungal infections. The most common type of infections that cause red spots on feet are athlete's foot and cellulitis. Read below for more information on causes and treatment options for foot redness.
Bruised toes or foot can also be swollen, painful, and often appear purple or blue. A bruised toe can be caused from a broken toe and fracture. A broken foot or ankle can also cause bruises on top of the foot. Read below for more information on causes and treatment options.
Are you concerned about the hard lump located on your foot? This may be a sign of injury, infection, arthritis, or abnormal growth of nerves, muscles, or soft tissue. Learn more about associated symptoms, causes and treatment options for your hard foot lump.
Are you experiencing a hard bump on the knee? Read more below to learn about six possible causes, questions your doctor may ask about your symptoms, and more.
Understand your heel pain symptoms with Buoy, including 9 causes and common questions concerning your heel pain.
Understand your joint pain symptoms with Buoy, including 10 causes and common questions concerning your joint pain.
The feeling of a loose knee cap is most commonly caused by an injury that has sprained or tore ligaments. A meniscal or anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injury can also cause knee instability and pain.
Are you experiencing itchy knees? Itchy knees can be caused by a variety of underlying conditions that range in severity, from common conditions like eczema to rare conditions like dermatofibroma. Read more below to learn 7 possible reasons you're experiencing itchy knees and how to treat it.
Knee locking can be troubling and painful. While it may only happen once, if it happens frequently or makes it impossible to walk, you may have a more serious condition.
Numbness in the knee is primarily caused by problems with the nervous system, and is often associated with with one or more additional symptoms, such as tingling, pain, or swelling.
Understand your knee stiffness symptoms, including 8 causes & common questions.
Understand your knee tearing sensation symptoms, including 5 causes and common questions.
Understand your limping symptoms with Buoy, including 10 causes and common questions concerning your limping.
Itchy lower legs can be a nuisance and have related symptoms of redness, bumps on the lower legs, dryness, and pain. The many causes of a lower leg itch include skin conditions like eczema and dermatitis, damage to the nerves that may be caused by diabetes, or an allergic reaction from plants, foods, or insects.
Numbness in lower legs may be accompanied by other symptoms such as pain, burning, and difficulty walking, and causes can be mechanical, metabolic, and inflammatory, amongst others.
Do you experience lower leg pain at night? What about lower back and leg pain? Learn about what's causing your lower leg pain symptoms and relief options.
The most common causes of what looks like a rash or red dots on the lower legs are either immune-mediated inflammation like eczema or psoriasis, or a skin infection like cellulitis. Other causes of red blotches on the lower legs can arise from an allergic reaction to certain foods or contact with poisonous plants.
Numbness and tingling in one foot can be commonly caused by nerve damage that can lead to sciatica, tarsal tunnel syndrome, or a fibular nerve injury. Read below for more information on causes of numbness in one foot and how to find relief.
Are you noticing numbness in your thigh? Numbness in the thigh ranges in severity and causes can be mechanical, metabolic, inflammatory, or iatrogenic. Thigh numbness is often felt on the outer thigh, though it sometimes reaches the knee, and is often accompanied by other symptoms, such as burning or tingling.
Understand your numbness in the top of the foot symptoms, including 9 causes & common questions.
Nerve compression or damage from wearing certain shoes can often cause pinky toe numbness. Diabetic neuropathy can also cause the pinky toes to be numb. Learn more about causes and treatment options.
Understand your pain in the back of the knee symptoms, including 8 causes & common questions.
A painful bump or lump on the thigh can also appear red, small or large, and often be located on the inner thigh. Most commonly, bumps on the inner thigh are caused by infected ingrown hairs, boils, cysts, or a swollen lymph node. Other causes include trauma to the thigh or abnormal cell growth like lipoma.
The usual cause for a painless bump on the knee derives from skin conditions like cysts, warts, or abscesses. Other causes for a lump on the knee with no pain include non cancerous skin growths.
Finding a painless thigh lump can be concerning, however most lump on the thigh are caused by non cancerous fatty tissue growth, also known as lipoma, or skin conditions like warts, cysts, or abscess. Swollen lymph nodes may also cause painless lumps on the inner thigh.
Understand your pop in the knee symptoms, including 9 causes & common questions.
A rash on one lower leg can appear red, blotchy, or have a dry and scaly texture. Most rashes on the lower leg are caused by dermatitis, eczema, or an allergic reaction which will look like red, itchy bumps on the leg.
Severe leg pain located around the thigh can be caused by trauma from a femoral break or muscle strain. A deep, shooting pain in the upper leg can also be caused by deep vein thrombosis, spinal stenosis, or a thigh bone infection. Read on for more information on causes and treatment options.
Understand your sharp, stabbing foot pain symptoms, including 9 causes and common questions.
A benign, or harmless, lump on the shin may be caused by underlying skin conditions like cysts, warts, or abscess. Other causes include trauma from an injury, or abnormal cell growth that can be non-cancerous like a lipoma.
Experiencing one leg swelling can often be caused by a blood clot located in a deep vein, also known as deep vein thrombosis (DVT). Other common causes include trauma from an injury that can lead to bruises, fractures, or sprains.
A swollen foot may be caused blood vessel blockage, lymphatic blockage, or trauma from an injury. Other causes of swelling in one foot include skin infections like cellulitis, or ankle arthritis which can also be the cause of one swollen ankle. Read below for more causes, related symptoms, and treatment options for a swollen foot.
Noticing one thigh swelling can be a cause for concern. Trauma from an injury can cause compartment syndrome which can lead to a swollen thigh above the knee. Deep vein thrombosis or a thigh bruise are also common causes of a swollen thigh.
Swollen calf can be caused by three categories of conditions - natural, traumatic, and systemic issues. Most often, it’s the first two causes, which we will go further in detail below but if you just had a long plane ride or sat down for a long time, blood clots can cause a condition called deep vein thrombosis (DVT). More serious causes involve organ issues such as kidney failure or liver disease.
If the outside of your ankle is swollen, this may be caused by trauma from an injury, ankle arthritis, or posterior tibialis tendinopathy.
Understand thickened skin on the top of the foot symptoms, including 2 causes & common questions.
Thigh pain can be caused by joint or muscle damage, problems with blood flow, nerve injuries or underlying medical conditions. Learn about 9 thigh pain causes.
Tingling in the lower leg can also have the feeling of numbness or a burning sensation in the lower leg. Causes of lower leg tingling include neurological issues of the back, restless leg syndrome, or diabetic neuropathy.
Your toes can get numb when they're too cold. But other causes of numb toes include circulatory, systemic disease, environmental, and inflammatory issues, so it's important to contact your doctor.
Wondering why your toes are red? You may have an underlying skin condition like a fungal infection, cellulitis, or an allergic reaction. Other causes of a red, inflamed toes include trauma from an injury to the foot or arthritis.
Swollen toes may be caused by a trauma to your toe, like bumping or stubbing your toe. But unexplained toe swelling could be from a chronic issue like gout or even a sign of a heart condition.
Fortunately, your talkative knees are usually not a cause for concern. But when those clicks, pops, and cracks occur regularly, it may be time for consultation.
Most bumps on the upper leg are benign and caused by underlying skin conditions like cysts, boils, abscess, or folliculitis. Other causes of bump on upper thigh include dermatofibroma, or lipoma.
Most commonly, an upper leg itch can be caused by irritation from allergens and bug bites. Itchy thighs can also be caused by stress and restless leg syndrome. Read below for more causes and how to relieve inner thigh itch.
Upper leg pain can be caused by a variety of conditions, including trauma, systemic disease, or inflammatory conditions.
Redness on the upper legs is most often seen as a rash on the thighs. This condition can be caused by contact dermatitis, or an allergic reaction from certain bugs or plants. Cellulitis can also cause a red rash on the upper thigh. Read on for more information about causes and relief options.
Are you noticing persistent weakness in your legs? Causes for leg weakness range in severity, so it's important to pay attention to your symptoms and talk to your doctor. Read more below to learn 9 possible reasons your legs feel weak and questions your doctor may ask to evaluate your condition.
Experiencing big toe pain can also cause pain when walking, swelling in the toe, or discoloration of the big toe. Common causes of pain in the big toe are a broken or sprained big toe, nerve damage, or gout.
While the feet are used to wear and tear, peeling feet can signify an underlying condition that may require medical attention. Skin peeling on the bottom of the feet can most commonly be caused by a fungal infection called athlete's foot, sunburn, dermatitis, or dry skin.
Sharp knee pain symptoms are often a sign of a serious knee injury. Learn about the causes of severe knee pain and treatment options for stabbing knee pain.
A swollen knee is mainly a sign of excess fluid in the knee. Learn about common causes of knee swelling symptoms; including bursitis, gout, arthritis and overuse.
When the body holds on to too much fluid, it collects in the legs and ankles due to gravity. Swollen ankles can be caused by pregnancy, heart disease & overuse.
Foot blisters are small pockets of fluid (serum, plasma, blood, pus, or lymph), and can vary in size and severity. Learn about foot blister symptoms and causes.
Calf pain is often caused by muscle cramps or strains. More serious conditions such as blood clots & diabetic neuropathy can also cause upper & lower calf pain.
Common toe pain causes include bunions & toenail problems. Toe injuries (sprains & fractures) and medical problems (gout & diabetes) can also cause toe pain.
If you have yellow or white bumps that look like pimples on your feet, this may be caused by whiteheads, skin abscess, or cysts. Read now for more information on causes and how to treat a yellow or white bumps on the foot.
Muscle spasms are common and can often be easily treated at home. But they may be a sign of a more serious condition, like a heat-related illness.
Bone pain is a tenderness or pain in one or more of your bones. It can be from an injury, or may be caused by underlying diseases like osteoporosis, sickle cell anemia, or even cancer.
Leg cramps are painful muscle contractions in the calf muscles. Massage, gentle stretching, and ice can help them go away. But see a doctor if they don’t.
Back-of-knee pain can be caused by tendonitis, arthritis, a Baker’s cyst, sciatica, or muscle strains. You may be able to treat it with OTC pain medications and rest, but see a healthcare provider if the pain isn’t getting better.
Conditions that trigger foot itching are often harmless and easy to solve, such as athlete’s foot. But others are more serious, such as kidney or liver disease, so it’s important to know when you need to see a doctor promptly.
Yellowing of toenails occurs naturally as you age, but it can also be caused by fungal infections and dark nail polish. You may be able to treat yellow nails at home, but some causes are more serious and should be treated by your doctor.