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Learn about your swollen ankle, including causes and common questions. Or get a personalized analysis of your swollen ankle from our A.I. health assistant. At Buoy, we build tools that help you know what’s wrong right now and how to get the right care.

Swollen Ankle Checker

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Your Swollen Ankle May Also be Known as:
Ankle feels puffy
Ankle feels swollen
Ankle is puffy
Ankle is swollen
Ankle puffiness
Ankle swelling
Leg feels puffy
Leg feels swollen
Leg is puffy
Leg is swollen

Top 9 Swollen Ankle Causes

  1. 1.Right Heart Failure (Cor Pulmonale)

    Cor pulmonale is known as right heart failure and is often a long-term consequence of high blood pressure or COPD.

    You should visit the emergency room. It is likely a physical exam will be performed as well as blood tests.

    Rarity:
    Common
    Top Symptoms:
    fatigue, chest pain, wheezing, cough with dry or watery sputum, shortness of breath on exertion
    Symptoms that never occur with right heart failure (cor pulmonale):
    severe chest pain
    Urgency:
    Hospital emergency room
  2. 2.Chronic Kidney Disease

    Chronic kidney disease, also known as chronic renal failure, is a disorder caused by gradual loss of kidney function. It is most common in elderly individuals.

    You should make an appointment with your primary care physician to discuss your symptoms as soon as possible.

    Rarity:
    Common
    Top Symptoms:
    fatigue, difficulty concentrating, loss of appetite, decreased sex drive, unintentional weight loss
    Urgency:
    Primary care doctor
  3. 3.Ankle Arthritis

    Arthritis of the ankle is a degenerative joint disorder occurring in the ankle. It presents with joint pain and stiffness that is typically worse with activity.

    You can safely treat this condition on your own with over-the-counter drugs like capsaicin, methylsalicylate cream or topical NSAIDs. you may want to see your primary care physician if the pain persists or worsens.

    Rarity:
    Uncommon
    Top Symptoms:
    swollen ankle, joint stiffness, swollen foot, pain in one ankle, ankle stiffness
    Urgency:
    Self-treatment
  4. 4.Skin Infection of the Foot

    Cellulitis is a common and possibly dangerous skin infection if left untreated. It is typically caused by bacteria living on the skin getting into the skin itself.

    You should visit your primary care doctor as soon as possible for a sick visit. He or she will examine the infection and possibly provide antibiotics.

    Rarity:
    Uncommon
    Top Symptoms:
    fever, foot pain, foot redness, warm red foot swelling, swollen ankle
    Symptoms that always occur with skin infection of the foot:
    foot redness, foot pain
    Urgency:
    Primary care doctor

    Swollen Ankle Checker

    Take a quiz to find out why you’re having swollen ankle.

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  5. 5.Calcaneus Fracture

    The calcaneus (heel bone) can be fractured during high-energy collision, such as a fall from height or a motor vehicle crash. Heel bone fractures are often severe, and may result in long-term problems.

    You should seek immediate medical care at an urgent care clinic or ER. A doctor will confirm the diagnosis with an X-Ray. This condition can be treated non-surgically with a cast. However, if the bones have shifted out of place, surgery may be needed.

    Rarity:
    Rare
    Top Symptoms:
    swollen ankle, swelling of both feet, pain in one foot, severe foot pain, pain in both feet
    Symptoms that always occur with calcaneus fracture:
    inability to bear weight immediately after injury, foot pain from an injury, severe foot pain
    Urgency:
    Hospital emergency room
  6. 6.Osteoid Osteoma

    An osteoid osteoma is a benign (non-cancerous) tumor that usually develops in the long bones of the legs. The thigh bone (femur) is affected most commonly, although the bones of the hand or the spine can have occasional involvement. This condition is most often found in young people.

    You should visit your primary care physician. This condition requires a variety of treatments such as minimally invasive surgery to kill or scrape off the tumor.

    Rarity:
    Rare
    Top Symptoms:
    lower back pain, back pain that shoots down the leg, back pain that shoots to the butt, upper back pain, spontaneous back pain
    Symptoms that never occur with osteoid osteoma:
    hip pain, bilateral leg swelling, weakness in both arms, weakness of both legs
    Urgency:
    Primary care doctor
  7. 7.Psoriatic Arthritis

    Psoriasis is a skin disease that causes itchy or sore patches of thick, red skin with silvery scales. Some people who have psoriasis also get a form of arthritis (inflammation and swelling of joints) called psoriatic arthritis.

    You should visit your primary care physician to manage this disease as there are many treatment options. A treatment plan will often consist of therapy (physical, occupational, massage), patient education, exercise and rest, devices to protect joints, medicine and/or surgery.

    Rarity:
    Rare
    Top Symptoms:
    joint pain, lower back pain, shoulder pain, upper back pain, joint stiffness
    Urgency:
    Primary care doctor
  8. 8.Osteochondritis Dissecans

    At joints where bones meet, bones are covered with a layer of cartilage which provides shock absorbance and lubrication. Osteochondritis dissecans is a condition where a piece of cartilage with a thin layer of bone detach from the larger bone, causing pain.

    You should visit your primary care physician. Conservative therapy is first considered, such as resting the joint, and physical therapy. Surgery is performed if the conservative treatment fails.

    Rarity:
    Rare
    Top Symptoms:
    pain in one knee, knee pain that gets worse during a run, knee stiffness, knee instability, spontaneous knee pain
    Urgency:
    Primary care doctor
  9. 9.Fracture of the Talus

    A talus fracture is a break in one of the bones in the ankle called the "talus." This type of injury oftens occurs during a high-energy event, such as a car accident or fall.

    You should seek immediate medical care at an urgent care clinic or ER. This type of fracture generally involves surgical treatment to repair the break.

    Rarity:
    Rare
    Top Symptoms:
    pain in one foot, swollen ankle, pain in one ankle, severe foot pain, ankle pain from an injury
    Symptoms that always occur with fracture of the talus:
    pain in one ankle, ankle pain from an injury
    Urgency:
    Hospital emergency room

Questions Your Doctor May Ask About Swollen Ankle

  • Q.Is your ankle swelling getting better or worse?
  • Q.How swollen is your ankle?
  • Q.Any fever today or during the last week?
  • Q.Have you ever been diagnosed with diabetes?

If you've answered yes to one or more of these questions, check our swollen ankle symptom checker.

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Swollen Ankle Symptom Checker Statistics

  • People who have experienced swollen ankle have also experienced:

    • 6% Fatigue
    • 3% Ankle Pain
    • 2% Nausea
  • People who have experienced swollen ankle had symptoms persist for:

    • 31% Less Than a Day
    • 26% Less Than a Week
    • 24% Over a Month
  • People who have experienced swollen ankle were most often matched with:

    • 9% Ankle Arthritis
    • 4% Right Heart Failure (Cor Pulmonale)
    • 3% Chronic Kidney Disease

Swollen Ankle Checker

Take a quiz to find out why you’re having swollen ankle.

Take a quiz