Read below about vertigo (extreme dizziness), including causes and common questions. Or get a personalized analysis of your vertigo (extreme dizziness) from our A.I. health assistant. At Buoy, we build tools that help you know what’s wrong right now and how to get the right care.

This symptom can also be referred to as:
Disequilibrium
The room is spinning

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A.I. Health Assistant Causes for Vertigo (Extreme Dizziness)

The list below shows results from the use of our A.I. Health Assistant by Buoy users who experienced vertigo (extreme dizziness). This list does not constitute medical advice.

  1. 1.Benign Paroxysmal Positional Vertigo

    Benign paroxysmal positional vertigo is a common disorder of the inner ear that causes episodes of intense dizziness with head movements. It is believed this is caused by tiny calcium crystals in the inner ear that become dislodged from their usual position within the inner ear.

    Condition will either resolve on its own or is highly treatable with a physical maneuver.

    Rarity:
    Uncommon
    Top Symptoms:
    nausea, episodic dizziness, vomiting, vertigo (extreme dizziness), dizziness
    Symptoms that always occur with benign paroxysmal positional vertigo:
    episodic dizziness
    Symptoms that never occur with benign paroxysmal positional vertigo:
    hearing loss, heartbeat sound in the ear, ringing in the ears
    Urgency:
    Primary care doctor
  2. 2.Dehydration

    Dehydration occurs when the body does not have fluid to function properly, because of decreased intake or increased losses like vomiting and diarrhea. Symptoms of dehydration include extreme thirst, dark urine, fatigue, and dizziness.

    With rehydration, symptoms resolve completely.

    Rarity:
    Rare
    Top Symptoms:
    fatigue, dizziness, vomiting or diarrhea, racing heart beat, being severely ill
    Urgency:
    Hospital emergency room
  3. 3.Earwax Blockage

    Ear wax production is a normal process, as the body makes wax to protect the ear from infection. Sometimes ear wax can build up and cover the eardrum, which is a thin layer of skin that stretches across the end of the ear canal and picks up sound from outside. Ear wax buildup has nothing to do with poor hygiene, and it is not possible to prevent a build-up by washing.

    Condition likely will go away on its own after 5 days without treatment. However, with pain, dizziness, or feelings of fullness, the earwax should be removed.

    Rarity:
    Uncommon
    Top Symptoms:
    dizziness, dry cough, ear canal pain, ear fullness/pressure, ringing in the ears
    Symptoms that never occur with earwax blockage:
    swollen ear, fever
    Urgency:
    Phone call or in-person visit
  4. 4.Possible Meniere's Disease

    Meniere's disease is a disorder of the inner ear. It can cause severe dizziness, a roaring sound in the ears called tinnitus, hearing loss that comes and goes and the feeling of ear pressure or pain. Meniere's commonly develops between the ages of 20 and 60, and most often starts in only one ear.

    Life-long condition, attacks may happen 6-11 times per year on average.

    Rarity:
    Uncommon
    Top Symptoms:
    nausea, episodic dizziness, ringing in the ears, vertigo (extreme dizziness), ear fullness/pressure
    Urgency:
    Primary care doctor

    Vertigo (Extreme Dizziness) Checker

    Take a quiz to find out why you’re having vertigo (extreme dizziness).

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  5. 5.Panic Disorder

    Panic disorder is a type of anxiety disorder. It causes panic attacks, which are sudden feelings of terror without true danger. One may feel as if they are losing control or have physical symptoms like sweating or a racing heart.

    Chronic with relapses

    Rarity:
    Common
    Top Symptoms:
    anxiety, abdominal pain (stomach ache), nausea, stomach bloating, depressed mood
    Symptoms that always occur with panic disorder:
    anxiety
    Symptoms that never occur with panic disorder:
    agoraphobia
    Urgency:
    Primary care doctor
  6. 6.Meniere's Disease

    Meniere's disease is a disorder of the inner ear. It can cause severe dizziness, a roaring sound in the ears called tinnitus, hearing loss that comes and goes and the feeling of ear pressure or pain. Meniere's commonly develops between the ages of 20 and 40, and most often starts in only one ear.

    Life-long condition, attacks may happen 6-11 times per year on average.

    Rarity:
    Uncommon
    Top Symptoms:
    nausea, ringing in the ears, vertigo (extreme dizziness), ear fullness/pressure, brief fainting episode
    Symptoms that always occur with meniere's disease:
    dizziness: at least 2 episodes
    Urgency:
    Primary care doctor
  7. 7.Vasovagal Syncope

    Vasovagal syncope is one of the most common causes of fainting. Vasovagal syncope occurs when the body overreacts to certain triggers, such as the sight of blood or extreme emotional distress. The body coordinates a sudden drop of heart rate and blood pressure, causing reduced blood flow to the brain and a brief loss of consciousness.

    No treatment is needed.

    Rarity:
    Common
    Top Symptoms:
    lightheadedness, brief fainting episode, having fainted multiple times, fainting after standing for a long time, fainting episode after a specific trigger
    Symptoms that always occur with vasovagal syncope:
    brief fainting episode, having fainted multiple times
    Urgency:
    Phone call or in-person visit
  8. 8.Orthostatic Syncope (Fainting)

    Orthostatic syncope refers to a type of loss of consciousness caused by rapidly standing up from a sitting position, and not enough blood reaches the head. This can cause a person to pass out, but then come back to consciousness without lasting effects.

    1/3 of people report experiencing similar episode within 3 years.

    Rarity:
    Uncommon
    Top Symptoms:
    lightheadedness, brief fainting episode, dizziness and lightheadedness before passing out, fainting after standing up, fainting for the first time
    Symptoms that always occur with orthostatic syncope (fainting):
    brief fainting episode, fainting after standing up
    Urgency:
    Phone call or in-person visit
  9. 9.Hypertensive Crisis

    A hypertensive crisis occurs with when there is a severe increase in blood pressure. In some cases, this causes damage to the organs.

    Recovery is dependent on severity of illness and treatment type.

    Rarity:
    Rare
    Top Symptoms:
    headache, nausea or vomiting, chest pain, being severely ill, dizziness
    Symptoms that never occur with hypertensive crisis:
    chest pain that is worse when breathing
    Urgency:
    Emergency medical service

Questions Your Doctor May Ask About Vertigo (Extreme Dizziness)

  • Q.Do you hear a ringing or whistling sound no one else hears?
  • Q.Have you experienced any nausea?
  • Q.Have you been feeling more tired than usual, lethargic or fatigued despite sleeping a normal amount?
  • Q.Did you faint?

If you've answered yes to one or more of these questions, try our vertigo (extreme dizziness) symptom checker to find out more.

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Vertigo (Extreme Dizziness) Symptom Checker Statistics

  • People who have experienced vertigo (extreme dizziness) have also experienced:

    • 8% Nausea
    • 6% Headache
    • 5% Fatigue
  • People who have experienced vertigo (extreme dizziness) had symptoms persist for:

    • 41% Less Than a Day
    • 25% Less Than a Week
    • 17% Over a Month
  • People who have experienced vertigo (extreme dizziness) were most often matched with:

    • 54% Dehydration
    • 27% Benign Paroxysmal Positional Vertigo
    • 18% Earwax Blockage
  • Source: Aggregated and anonymized results from visits to the Buoy AI health assistant (check it out by clicking on “Take Quiz”).

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