Read below about wrist pain, including causes, treatment options and remedies. Or get a personalized analysis of your wrist pain from our A.I. health assistant. At Buoy, we build tools that help you know what’s wrong right now and how to get the right care.

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Wrist Pain Symptoms

Whether we realize it or not, our wrists are always getting a workout. From typing on the computer to carrying groceries or playing sports, we depend on our wrists to be in good shape at all times. Sometimes heavy use can take a toll, though, and wrists become painful. Though it's a common complaint in all people, wrist pain especially affects older individuals and those that strain their wrists during work or play.

Common wrist pain symptoms Include:

Wrist Pain Causes Overview

The wrist is a complicated structure made up of many different bones, ligaments tendons. Injury to any of these different parts can cause wrist pain. It's important to determine if your pain in brand new (also called acute) or if you've had it for some time (called sub-acute or chronic). Acute wrist pain is most often caused by injury or sprain [1], while longer lasting pain is usually due to wear and tear. In rare cases, wrist pain symptoms can be a sign of infection or systemic illness that may deserve further investigation [2].

Mechanical wrist pain causes:

  • Wear and tear: Like most things, the wrist joint can become worn out from many years of use and lead to problems like arthritis [3].
  • Overuse: Doing the same activity many times in a row (such as typing) or jumping too quickly into a strenuous task (such as gardening) can cause or worsen underlying problems and lead to pain.
  • Fracture: There are many small bones in the wrist that can break after injury. Bony injuries can be quite uncomfortable. This often happens when you fall on your outstretched arm or hand [4].
  • Sprain: Not as severe as a fracture, this is when the ligaments and soft tissues in the wrist are stretched or torn.
  • Nerve impingement: Sometimes the nerves in the wrist can become trapped or compressed, leading to shooting pain, numbness or tingling. This is usually a condition called carpal tunnel syndrome [5].
  • Inflammation: Irritation, especially in the connective tissue of the wrist, leads to pain and swelling.
  • Cysts: Liquid-filled balls called cysts can develop in the wrist and cause discomfort by pressing on nerves and tendons [6].

Rheumatologic wrist pain causes:

  • Autoimmune arthritis: Your body's immune system can turn against itself and attack joints, which leads to painful inflammation [7], usually worse in the morning.
  • Crystal deposits: A built-up of calcium or waste products like uric acid in the joints can lead to sudden, severe joint pain [8].

A.I. Health Assistant Causes for Wrist Pain

The list below shows results from the use of our A.I. Health Assistant by Buoy users who experienced wrist pain. This list does not constitute medical advice.

  1. 1.Carpal Tunnel Syndrome

    The carpal tunnel is a narrow passageway filled with ligament and bones at the base of your hand. It contains nerve and tendons. Sometimes, thickening from irritated tendons or other swelling narrows the tunnel and causes the nerve to be compressed. Symptoms usually start gradually, and as they worsen, grasping objects can become difficult.

    Recovery time varies depending on treatment.

    Rarity:
    Common
    Top Symptoms:
    spontaneous shoulder pain, hand weakness, wrist pain, weakness in one hand, pain in both hands
    Urgency:
    Primary care doctor
  2. 2.Wrist Sprain

    A wrist sprain is an injury to the ligaments in the wrist. A mild sprain involves just stretching of the ligaments while more severe sprains can tear the ligaments.

    2 weeks

    Rarity:
    Uncommon
    Top Symptoms:
    wrist injury, wrist pain, wrist pain from an injury, swollen wrist, pain in the back of the wrist
    Symptoms that always occur with wrist sprain:
    wrist injury
    Urgency:
    Primary care doctor
  3. 3.Contusion of the Wrist

    A bruise is the damage of the blood vessels that return blood to the heart (the capillaries and veins), which causes pooling of the blood. This explains the blue/purple color of most bruises. Bruises of the wrist are common, often due to minor injuries.

    Bruises tend to begin healing within one week.

    Rarity:
    Rare
    Top Symptoms:
    wrist injury, pain in one wrist, wrist pain from an injury, swelling of one wrist, wrist bruise
    Symptoms that always occur with contusion of the wrist:
    wrist injury
    Urgency:
    Self-treatment
  4. 4.De Quervain's Tenosynovitis

    De Quervain's tenosynovitis is a painful condition affecting the tendons on the thumb side of the wrist. If you have de Quervain's tenosynovitis, you will feel pain upon turning your wrist, grasping anything, or making a fist.

    4-6 weeks with treatment

    Rarity:
    Uncommon
    Top Symptoms:
    hand numbness, thumb pain, hand weakness, weakness in one hand, numbness in one hand
    Symptoms that always occur with de quervain's tenosynovitis:
    thumb pain
    Urgency:
    Primary care doctor

    Wrist Pain Checker

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    Wrist Pain Quiz
  5. 5.Rheumatoid Arthritis

    Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is a form of arthritis that causes pain, swelling, stiffness and loss of function in your joints. It can affect any joint but is common in the wrist and fingers. RA is an autoimmune disorder, meaning that it is caused by the immune system incorrectly attacking the joints when it shouldn't.

    RA is a chronic disease which requires lifelong control.

    Rarity:
    Rare
    Top Symptoms:
    fatigue, depressed mood, joint pain, muscle aches, daytime sleepiness
    Urgency:
    Primary care doctor
  6. 6.Buckle Fracture of Distal Radius

    A buckle fracture of the wrist, also known as a torus fracture, is a condition that are most common in children aged 5-10 years due to the elasticity of their bones. This fracture occurs when force is applied to the radius (one of the two bones of the forearm), causing the bone to split along the growth plate.

    3 weeks in a cast, no need for follow up.

    Rarity:
    Common
    Top Symptoms:
    constant forearm pain, forearm pain from an injury, pain in one forearm, swollen forearm, wrist injury
    Symptoms that always occur with buckle fracture of distal radius:
    forearm pain from an injury, constant forearm pain
    Urgency:
    Primary care doctor
  7. 7.Kienbock Disease

    Kienbock Disease is a condition where the blood going to one of the small bones in the wrist is disrupted, causing the bone to die and the wrist to become stiff and painful. The cause is not known but may be related to trauma to the wrist.

    Life long, the wrist is damaged permanently

    Rarity:
    Rare
    Top Symptoms:
    hand weakness, pain in the back of the wrist, wrist pain from an injury, wrist pain that gets worse when gripping something, difficulty moving the wrist
    Symptoms that always occur with kienbock disease:
    wrist pain from an injury, pain in the back of the wrist
    Urgency:
    Primary care doctor
  8. 8.Psoriatic Arthritis

    Psoriasis is a skin disease that causes itchy or sore patches of thick, red skin with silvery scales. Some people who have psoriasis also get a form of arthritis (inflammation and swelling of joints) called psoriatic arthritis.

    This type of arthritis can be managed with treatment, and permanent damage can be prevented. However, the underlying cause (psoriasis) is currently incurable.

    Rarity:
    Rare
    Top Symptoms:
    shoulder pain, lower back pain, joint pain, upper back pain, hip pain
    Urgency:
    Primary care doctor

Wrist Pain Treatments and Relief

Since it's a common problem, treatment options for wrist pain can seem overwhelming. The good news is there are easy, tried-and-true remedies that can be done in the comfort of your own home, and if those fail, a visit to the doctor can usually help.

At-home wrist pain remedies:

  • Painkillers: Over-the-counter drugs like ibuprofen or naproxen help treat inflammation that causes joint pain, especially from wear-and-tear or overuse. Tylenol is a reasonable alternative.
  • Brace: Using a wrist brace can help stabilize the joint and prevent painful movements.
  • Take a break: Sometimes fixing pain may require giving the joint a break from repetitive or strenuous tasks.
  • Optimize ergonomics: At the office, ensure your wrists are well supported and kept in a neutral position. Avoid typing with bent wrists or gripping the mouse too tightly.
  • Heat or ice packs: Some people find gentle heat helpful in relieving pain, while others prefer ice. Try both and see what works for you.
  • Pain creams: Topical medications contain ingredients like menthol or capsaicin that can make joint pain less noticeable.

Sometimes the pain may persist despite these steps and may require further evaluation and treatment by your doctor.

Other wrist pain treatment options:

  • Steroid injections: This is a way of directly injecting anti-inflammatory medication into an area of pain.
  • Casting: Fractures are often treated by application of a cast.
  • Aspiration: If a cyst is the cause of your pain, the doctor can use a needle to remove the fluid inside.
  • Antibiotics: Only pain caused by bacterial joint infection or Lyme disease requires antibiotic treatment.
  • Rheumatologic medications: A rheumatologist can prescribe a wide range of medications if your joint pain is caused by autoimmune or crystal diseases.
  • Surgery: While a more invasive option, a surgeon can help relieve pain caused by nerve compression, fractures, cysts, or ligament tears.

You should see a doctor right away if:

  • Your joint is very warm, red, or swollen
  • You have sudden onset of weakness, especially if it affects an entire arm or leg or if you also have slurred speech or a droopy face
  • The pain is very severe
  • Your wrist is deformed, looks pale or is very cold, especially after trauma or a fall

FAQs About Wrist Pain

Here are some frequently asked questions about wrist pain.

What does carpal tunnel feel like?

Carpal tunnel is most commonly characterized by numbness and tingling along the first three fingers (thumb, forefinger, middle finger and half of the fourth finger). Carpal tunnel may occur after typing at a computer for a long time and involve a burning sensation in that same distribution (thumb, forefinger, middle finger, and half of the fourth finger). Symptoms are typically worse at night and shaking or wringing hands may help. It is also possible to purchase a supportive bumper or pad that both alleviates and prevents carpal tunnel syndrome.

Why do my wrists hurt?

Your wrists may hurt from a variety of reasons. Trauma to the wrist is a common reason. Exercises involving wrist movement like jumping rope, playing tennis, or even sweeping with a broom may cause muscle strain that should abate with time. Carpal tunnel syndrome is also a common cause of wrist pain or discomfort and can occur when one types at the computer with pressure along their wrists for multiple hours per day.

What is arthritis in the hand?

Arthritis in the hand is a swelling of the joints in the hand usually due to a mixture of wear and tear and inflammation from an individual's own immune system. In the case of wear and tear, this is called osteoarthritis [9]. If it is caused by one's own immune system, it is most commonly called rheumatoid arthritis.

What causes swollen wrists?

Fractures are some of the most common causes of wrist swelling. Smaller bones may not show displacement or deformation of the wrist, but may present with severe swelling of the wrist. Usually a fall or trauma precedes a fracture. Swollen wrists may be caused by different types of arthritis, though the most common types of arthritis cause swelling in the joints of the fingers not the wrists.

Can you have gout in your wrist?

Gout most commonly occurs in the big toe of the foot as well as knees and elbows. It can occur in the wrist but is relatively less common [10]. However, it is possible. If you have a prior diagnosis of gout and experience similar symptoms in your wrist that are responsive to your usual gout pain regimen, or are prevented by your uric acid drugs, you may have gout in your wrist.

Questions Your Doctor May Ask About Wrist Pain

  • Q.Have you ever been diagnosed with diabetes?
  • Q.Push the backs of your hands together like in this picture, and hold for 1 minute. Do you notice any numbness, tingling, or pain in either of your fingers/hands? (This is called the Phalen's maneuver.)
  • Q.Is your wrist pain worse when holding something?
  • Q.Lightly tap on your inner wrist. Does this cause your symptoms to reappear?

If you've answered yes to one or more of these questions, try our wrist pain symptom checker to find out more.

Wrist Pain Quiz

Wrist Pain Symptom Checker Statistics

  • People who have experienced wrist pain have also experienced:

    • 11% Forearm Pain
    • 9% Hand Pain
    • 8% Pain in the Upper Arm
  • People who have experienced wrist pain had symptoms persist for:

    • 32% Over a Month
    • 26% Less Than a Week
    • 21% Less Than a Day
  • People who have experienced wrist pain were most often matched with:

    • 50% Wrist Sprain
    • 37% Carpal Tunnel Syndrome
    • 12% Contusion of the Wrist
  • Source: Aggregated and anonymized results from visits to the Buoy AI health assistant (check it out by clicking on “Take Quiz”).

A.I. Health Assistant

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Wrist Pain Quiz

References

  1. Wrist Sprains. American Society for Surgery of the Hand. ASSH Link.
  2. Steven S. Infectious Arthritis. Merck Manual. Merck Link.
  3. Jennings CD, Brubacher JW. Arthritis of the Wrist. American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons: OrthoInfo. Published April 2016. OrthoInfo Link.
  4. Wrist Fractures. American Society for Surgery of the Hand. ASSH Link.
  5. Jennings CD, Faust K. Carpal Tunnel Syndrome. American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons: OrthoInfo. Published July 2016. OrthoInfo Link.
  6. Ganglion Cysts. American Society for Surgery of the Hand. ASSH Link.
  7. Noriko K, Hiroshi T. Chapter 2 - Autoimmune Arthritis: The Interface Between the Immune System and Joints. Elsevier: Advances in Immunology. Published May, 2012. ScienceDirect Link.
  8. Calcium Pyrophosphate Deposition Disease (CPPD). Arthritis Foundation. Arthritis Foundation Link.
  9. Osteoarthritis. Arthritis Foundation. Arthritis Foundation Link.
  10. Jacobs CL, Stern PJ. An Unusual Case of Gout in the Wrist: The Importance of Montoring Medication Dosage and Interaction. A Case Report. Chiropractic & Osteopathy. 2007;15:16. PubMed Link.