Wrist Pain Symptoms, Causes & Common Questions

Understand your wrist pain symptoms with Buoy, including 8 causes and common questions concerning your wrist pain.

Wrist Pain Symptom Checker

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Contents

  1. Symptoms
  2. Causes
  3. 8 Possible Wrist Pain Conditions
  4. Treatments and Relief
  5. Real-Life Stories
  6. FAQs
  7. Questions Your Doctor May Ask
  8. Statistics
  9. Related Articles
  10. References

Wrist Pain Symptoms

Whether you realize it or not, your wrists are always getting a workout. From typing on the computer to carrying groceries or playing sports, you depend on your wrists to be in good shape at all times. Sometimes heavy use can catch up, however, resulting in pain. Though it's a common complaint in all people, wrist pain especially affects older individuals and those that strain their wrists during work or play.

Common characteristics of wrist pain

If you're experiencing wrist pain, it may be described as:

  • Pain with movement
  • Stiffness
  • Swelling
  • Numbness or tingling
  • Grating sensation
  • Weakness

Wrist Pain Causes

The wrist is a complicated structure made up of many different bones, ligaments, and tendons. Injury to any of these different parts can cause wrist pain. It's important to determine if your pain is new (also called acute) or if you've had it for some time (called sub-acute or chronic). Acute wrist pain is most often caused by injury or sprain [1], while longer-lasting pain is usually due to wear-and-tear. In rare cases, wrist pain symptoms can be a sign of infection or systemic illness that may require further investigation [2].

Mechanical causes

Mechanical issues of the wrist can result in pain, such as the following.

  • Wear-and-tear: Like most things, the wrist joint can become worn out from many years of use and lead to problems like arthritis [3].
  • Overuse: Doing the same activity many times in a row, such as typing, or jumping too quickly into a strenuous task, such as gardening, can cause or worsen underlying problems.
  • Fracture: There are many small bones in the wrist that can break after injury. Bony injuries can be quite uncomfortable. This often happens when you fall on your outstretched arm or hand [4].
  • Sprain: This is when the ligaments and soft tissues in the wrist are stretched or torn.
  • Nerve impingement: Sometimes the nerves in the wrist can become trapped or compressed, leading to shooting pain, numbness or tingling. This is usually a condition called carpal tunnel syndrome [5].
  • Inflammation: Irritation, especially in the connective tissue of the wrist, leads to pain and swelling.
  • Cysts: Liquid-filled sacs called cysts can develop in the wrist and cause discomfort by pressing on nerves and tendons [6].

Rheumatologic causes

Buildup or inflammation in the wrist joint can result in pain.

  • Autoimmune arthritis: Your body's immune system can turn against itself and attack joints, which leads to painful inflammation that's usually worse in the morning [7].
  • Crystal deposits: A built-up of calcium or waste products like uric acid in the joints can lead to sudden, severe joint pain.

8 Possible Wrist Pain Conditions

The list below shows results from the use of our quiz by Buoy users who experienced wrist pain. This list does not constitute medical advice and may not accurately represent what you have.

Carpal tunnel syndrome

Carpal tunnel syndrome is a condition of numbness and tingling in the hand and arm caused by compression of the mediannerve as it travels through the carpal tunnel. Causes include overuse of the wrist and hand, especially highly repetitive activities such as typing or wo...

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Wrist sprain

Wrist sprain is often associated with traumatic events such as falls or sporting accidents. However, wrist sprain can also stem from chronic issues such as repetitive stress and the normal aging process. The wrists are so necessary and used so frequently that sometimes it may be difficult to differe...

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Contusion of the wrist

A bruise is the damage of the blood vessels that return blood to the heart (the capillaries and veins), which causes pooling of the blood. This explains the blue/purple color of most bruises. Bruises of the wrist are common, often due to minor injuries.

Rarity: Rare

Top Symptoms: wrist injury, pain in one wrist, wrist pain from an injury, swelling of one wrist, wrist bruise

Symptoms that always occur with contusion of the wrist: wrist injury

Urgency: Self-treatment

De quervain's tenosynovitis

De Quervain's tenosynovitis is a painful condition affecting the tendons on the thumb side of the wrist. If you have de Quervain's tenosynovitis, you will feel pain upon turning your wrist, grasping anything, or making a fist.

Rarity: Uncommon

Top Symptoms: hand numbness, thumb pain, hand weakness, weakness in one hand, numbness in one hand

Symptoms that always occur with de quervain's tenosynovitis: thumb pain

Urgency: Primary care doctor

Wrist Pain Symptom Checker

Take a quiz to find out what might be causing your wrist pain

Rheumatoid arthritis

Arthritis is a general term for multiple conditions that cause painful inflammation and stiffness throughout the body. Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is a chronic condition that is autoimmune in nature, meaning that the body's immune system which normally protects the body by att...

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Buckle fracture of distal radius

A buckle fracture of the wrist, also known as a torus fracture, is a condition that are most common in children aged 5-10 years due to the elasticity of their bones. This fracture occurs when force is applied to the radius (one of the two bones of the forearm), causing the bone to split along the growth plate.

Rarity: Common

Top Symptoms: constant forearm pain, forearm pain from an injury, pain in one forearm, swollen forearm, wrist injury

Symptoms that always occur with buckle fracture of distal radius: forearm pain from an injury, constant forearm pain

Urgency: Primary care doctor

Kienbock disease

Kienbock Disease is a condition where the blood going to one of the small bones in the wrist is disrupted, causing the bone to die and the wrist to become stiff and painful. The cause is not known but may be related to trauma to the wrist.

Rarity: Rare

Top Symptoms: hand weakness, pain in the back of the wrist, wrist pain from an injury, wrist pain that gets worse when gripping something, difficulty moving the wrist

Symptoms that always occur with kienbock disease: wrist pain from an injury, pain in the back of the wrist

Urgency: Primary care doctor

Psoriatic arthritis

Psoriatic arthritis is a condition which causes inflammation of the joints. In most circumstances, psoriatic arthritis presents between the ages of 30 and 50 years and occurs after the manifestation of the symptoms of psoriasis, which is a disease of the skin. Psoriatic arthritis...

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Wrist Pain Treatments and Relief

Since it's a common problem, there are many treatment options for wrist pain available, which may seem overwhelming. The good news is there are easy, proven remedies that can be done in the comfort of your own home. If those fail; however, a visit to your doctor can help, especially if your pain worsens or persists.

At-home treatments

For cases of temporary or mild wrist pain, you can try the following remedies.

  • Pain relief: Over-the-counter drugs like ibuprofen (Advil, Motrin) or naproxen (Aleve) help treat the inflammation that causes joint pain, especially from wear-and-tear or overuse. Acetaminophen (Tylenol) is a reasonable alternative.
  • Brace: Using a wrist brace can help stabilize the joint and prevent painful movements.
  • Take a break: Try giving your wrist a break from repetitive or strenuous tasks.
  • Optimize ergonomics: At the office, ensure your wrists are well-supported and kept in a neutral position. Avoid typing with bent wrists or gripping the mouse too tightly.
  • Heat or ice packs: Some people find gentle heat helpful for relieving pain, while others prefer ice. Try both and see what works for you.
  • Pain creams: Topical medications contain ingredients like menthol or capsaicin and may make joint pain less noticeable.

When to see a doctor

Sometimes the pain may persist despite at-home treatments and may require further evaluation and treatment by your physician. Your physician may recommend the following.

  • Steroid injections: This is a way of directly injecting anti-inflammatory medication into an area of pain.
  • Casting: Fractures are often treated with a cast.
  • Aspiration: If a cyst is the cause of your pain, your doctor may use a needle to remove the fluid inside.
  • Antibiotics: Only pain caused by a bacterial joint infection or Lyme disease requires antibiotic treatment.
  • Rheumatologic medications: A rheumatologist may prescribe a wide range of medications if your joint pain is caused by autoimmune or crystal diseases.
  • Surgery: While a more invasive option, a surgeon can help relieve pain caused by nerve compression, fractures, cysts, or ligament tears.

When it is an emergency

You should seek care immediately if:

  • Your joint is very warm, red, or swollen
  • You have sudden-onset weakness: Especially if it affects an entire arm or leg or if you also have slurred speech or a droopy face
  • The pain is very severe
  • Your wrist is deformed or looks pale or is very cold: Especially after trauma or a fall

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FAQs About Wrist Pain

Here are some frequently asked questions about wrist pain.

What does carpal tunnel feel like?

Carpal tunnel is most commonly characterized by numbness and tingling of the first three fingers (thumb, forefinger, middle finger, and half of the fourth finger). You may also experience a burning sensation in these same areas, typically worse at night. Carpal tunnel may occur after typing at a computer for a long time, but periodically shaking or "wringing out" the hands may help. You can purchase a supportive bumper or pad that may alleviate or prevent carpal tunnel syndrome.

Why do my wrists hurt?

Your wrists may hurt from a variety of reasons. Trauma to the wrist is a common reason. Exercises involving wrist movement like jumping rope, playing tennis, or even sweeping with a broom may cause muscle strain that should resolve over time. Carpal tunnel syndrome is also a common cause of wrist pain and can occur if you regularly type at the computer for multiple hours per day.

What is arthritis in the hand?

Arthritis in the hand is a swelling of the joints in the hand, usually due to a mixture of wear-and-tear and inflammation from your immune system. In the case of wear-and-tear, this is called osteoarthritis. If it is caused by your own immune system, it is most commonly called rheumatoid arthritis.

What causes swollen wrists?

Fractures are some of the most common causes of wrist swelling. Fracturing smaller bones may not result in apparent displacement or deformation of the wrist but may present with severe swelling. Usually, a fall or trauma precedes a fracture. Swollen wrists may be caused by different types of arthritis, though the most common types of arthritis cause swelling in the joints of the fingers, not the wrists.

Can you have gout in your wrist?

Gout most commonly occurs in the big toe of the foot as well as knees and elbows. It can occur in the wrist but is less common [8]. If you have a prior diagnosis of gout, and experience similar symptoms in your wrist that are responsive to your usual gout pain regimen or are prevented by your uric acid drugs, you may have gout in your wrist.

Questions Your Doctor May Ask About Wrist Pain

To diagnose this condition, your doctor would likely ask the following questions:

  • Have you ever been diagnosed with diabetes?
  • Push the backs of your hands together like in this picture, and hold for 1 minute. Do you notice any numbness, tingling, or pain in either of your fingers/hands? (This is called the Phalen's maneuver.)
  • Is your wrist pain worse when holding something?
  • Lightly tap on your inner wrist. Does this cause your symptoms to reappear?

If you've answered yes to one or more of these questions

Please take a quiz to find out what might be causing your wrist pain. These questions are also covered.

Wrist Pain Quiz

Wrist Pain Symptom Checker Statistics

People who have experienced wrist pain have also experienced:

  • 11% Forearm Pain
  • 9% Hand Pain
  • 8% Pain In The Upper Arm

People who have experienced wrist pain were most often matched with:

  • 50% Wrist Sprain
  • 37% Carpal Tunnel Syndrome
  • 12% Contusion Of The Wrist

People who have experienced wrist pain had symptoms persist for:

  • 32% Over a month
  • 26% Less than a week
  • 21% Less than a day

Source: Aggregated and anonymized results from Buoy Assistant (a.k.a. the quiz).

Wrist Pain Symptom Checker

Take a quiz to find out what might be causing your wrist pain

References

  1. Wrist Sprains. American Society for Surgery of the Hand. ASSH Link
  2. Steven S. Infectious Arthritis. Merck Manual. Merck Link
  3. Jennings CD, Brubacher JW. Arthritis of the Wrist. American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons: OrthoInfo. Published April 2016. OrthoInfo Link
  4. Wrist Fractures. American Society for Surgery of the Hand. ASSH Link
  5. Jennings CD, Faust K. Carpal Tunnel Syndrome. American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons: OrthoInfo. Published July 2016. OrthoInfo Link
  6. Ganglion Cysts. American Society for Surgery of the Hand. ASSH Link
  7. Noriko K, Hiroshi T. Chapter 2 - Autoimmune Arthritis: The Interface Between the Immune System and Joints. Elsevier: Advances in Immunology. Published May, 2012. ScienceDirect Link
  8. Jacobs CL, Stern PJ. An Unusual Case of Gout in the Wrist: The Importance of Montoring Medication Dosage and Interaction. A Case Report. Chiropractic & Osteopathy. 2007;15:16. PubMed Link

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