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Hemorrhoids Treatment Overview

Find the right care and learn about different treatments.
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Care Plan


First steps to consider

  • Most cases of hemorrhoids can be treated at home.
  • You can treat pain and itchiness with OTC hemorrhoid ointments or suppositories that reduce swelling.
  • Make changes that help reduce constipation if that’s causing your hemorrhoids.
See home treatments

When you may need a provider

  • Hemorrhoids don’t go away in 1–2 weeks, or keep returning.
  • Frequent bleeding, trouble sitting, or pain when sitting.
See care providers

Emergency Care

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Call 911 or go to the ER if you have any of the following symptoms:

  • Severe bleeding
  • Severe Pain
  • Fever
  • Feeling faint or lightheaded

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All treatments for hemorrhoids
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When to see a healthcare provider

Hemorrhoids usually go away within 1–2 weeks. If they don’t go away, or they keep coming back, you may want to talk to your doctor.

Also call your doctor if you have frequent bleeding, trouble sitting, pain, or other medical conditions (like you’re on a blood thinner or have other digestive disorders). You may be referred to a gastroenterologist (a digestive disease specialist) or a colorectal or general surgeon.

Getting diagnosed

Hemorrhoids can sometimes be diagnosed based on your symptoms, but a doctor may want to examine your anus and rectal area.

What to expect from your visit

  • For the majority of people with hemorrhoids, lifestyle, diet, and managing constipation will help control hemorrhoids.
  • Your doctor may prescribe nitroglycerin ointment, which causes blood vessels to contract, reducing bleeding.
  • If you have serious complications, like anemia from blood loss, or weight loss, do not be surprised if your doctor wants to do a colonoscopy.
  • If managing constipation, making lifestyle changes, and trying OTC or topical medications do not help after a month or two, you may be referred to a gastroenterologist or a colorectal surgeon.
  • In more serious cases, you may need an in-office procedure to “band” your hemorrhoids. A rubber band ligation is when the hemorrhoid is tied off at its base with rubber bands, cutting the blood flow to the blood vessel and shrinking the hemorrhoid.
  • In rare cases where the hemorrhoids still do not go away and are causing severe issues with your health or quality of life, a colorectal surgeon may recommend a hemorrhoidectomy, which is a surgery to remove the hemorrhoids.

Prescription hemorrhoid medications

  • Nitroglycerin ointment

What kind of doctor treats hemorrhoids?

  • A primary care provider can diagnose and treat most hemorrhoid issues.
  • A gastroenterologist is a digestive disease specialist. Some do in-office banding procedures for hemorrhoids
  • A colorectal surgeon is a surgeon of the colon and rectum who can perform in-office banding. They can also do hemorrhoidectomies.
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