Wondering why your toes are red? You may have an underlying skin condition like a fungal infection, cellulitis, or an allergic reaction. Other causes of a red, inflamed toes include trauma from an injury to the foot or arthritis. Read below for more information on causes and treatment options.
10 causes of toe redness
This list does not constitute medical advice and may not accurately represent what you have.
Non-specific foot rash
A rash is an area of irritated or swollen skin. Often, rashes are unidentifiable and some variation of normal. For example, scratching one's arm causes it to turn red (which is caused by mast cells releasing chemicals into the local area), but that's completely normal.
Top Symptoms: foot redness
Symptoms that always occur with non-specific foot rash: foot redness
Urgency: Wait and watch
Skin infection of the foot
An infection of the skin of the foot is almost always either fungal or bacterial. A fungal infection of the foot is called tinea pedis, or athlete's foot. It is caused by different types of dermatophyte fungus and is commonly found in damp places such as showers or locker room floors. A bacterial infection anywhere on the skin is called cellulitis if it extends under the skin. It can develop after a break in the skin allows bacteria to enter and begin growing. These bacteria are most often either Streptococcus or Staphylococcus, which are found throughout the environment.
Most susceptible are diabetic patients, since high blood sugar interferes with healing and wounds can easily become chronic and/or deeply infected. Diagnosis is made through physical examination by a medical provider.
Treatment for either a fungal or bacterial infection involves keeping the skin dry and clean at all times. A fungal infection is treated with topical and/or oral antifungal medications, while a bacterial infection will be treated with topical and/or antibiotic medications.
Top Symptoms: fever, foot pain, foot redness, warm red foot swelling, swollen ankle
Symptoms that always occur with skin infection of the foot: foot redness, foot pain, area of skin redness
Urgency: Primary care doctor
Athlete's foot (tinea pedis)
Athlete's foot is a common fungal infection of the feet and/or toes. Warm, moist environments and community showering are common causes of this type of infection.
Top Symptoms: foot redness, foot/toe itch, foot skin changes, spontaneous foot pain, peeling between the toes
Symptoms that always occur with athlete's foot (tinea pedis): foot redness
Symptoms that never occur with athlete's foot (tinea pedis): toe injury
Gout is a form of arthritis that causes sudden pain, stiffness, and swelling in a joint. The big toe is often affected.
Top Symptoms: swollen toes
Urgency: Primary care doctor
Cellulitis is a bacterial infection of the deep layers of the skin. It can appear anywhere on the body but is most common on the feet, lower legs, and face.
The condition can develop if Staphylococcus bacteria enter broken skin through a cut, scrape, or existing skin infection such as impetigo or eczema.
Most susceptible are those with a weakened immune system, as from corticosteroids or chemotherapy, or with impaired circulation from diabetes or any vascular disease.
Symptoms arise somewhat gradually and include sore, reddened skin.
If not treated, the infection can become severe, form pus, and destroy the tissue around it. In rare cases, the infection can cause blood poisoning or meningitis.
Symptom of severe pain, fever, cold sweats, and fast heartbeat should be seen immediately by a medical provider.
Diagnosis is made through physical examination.
Treatment consists of antibiotics, keeping the wound clean, and sometimes surgery to remove any dead tissue. Cellulitis often recurs, so it is important to treat any underlying conditions and improve the immune system with rest and good nutrition.
Top Symptoms: fever, chills, facial redness, swollen face, face pain
Symptoms that always occur with cellulitis: facial redness, area of skin redness
Urgency: Primary care doctor
Arthritis is a general term for multiple conditions that cause painful inflammation and stiffness throughout the body. Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is a chronic condition that is autoimmune in nature, meaning that the body's immune system which normally protects the body by att..
Psoriatic arthritis is a condition which causes inflammation of the joints. In most circumstances, psoriatic arthritis presents between the ages of 30 and 50 years and occurs after the manifestation of the symptoms of psoriasis, which is a disease of the skin. Psoriatic arthritis..
Broken toes are very common and caused by either something falling on the toe (crush injury) or a stubbing of the toe situation.
Top Symptoms: constant foot pain, toe injury, toe pain from an injury
Symptoms that always occur with toe fracture: toe injury, toe pain from an injury, constant foot pain
Symptoms that never occur with toe fracture: toe dislocation, toe injury with broken skin
Urgency: Primary care doctor
Toe contusion (bruise) is the damage of the blood vessels (veins and capillaries) that return blood from your tissues back to the heart. The blood pools there and turns blue or purple. It's typically caused by a bump, hit, or fall.
Top Symptoms: constant foot pain, toe injury, toe pain from an injury, swollen toes, toe bruise(s)
Symptoms that always occur with toe bruise: toe pain from an injury, toe injury, constant foot pain
Nail infection (paronychia)
Paronychia is an infection of the skin of the fingers or toes, at the place where the skin folds down to meet the nail.
Acute, or sudden onset, paronychia is caused by the staphylococcus bacteria. The organism can gain entry if the nail is cracked, broken, bitten, or trimmed too closely.
Chronic, or ongoing, paronychia is caused by a fungus. Anyone whose work requires their hands to be wet much of the time is susceptible.
People with diabetes or a weakened immune system are more susceptible to nail infections.
Symptoms include sore, reddened, swollen skin around the nail, sometimes with pus collecting under the skin.
Diagnosis is made through physical examination and sometimes skin culture to identify the organism involved.
Treatment for acute paronychia involves having a medical provider clean the wounded nail and drain any infection, and sometimes provide a course of antibiotics.
Treatment for the chronic form involves keeping the skin dry and using an antifungal medication on the affected nail.
Top Symptoms: spontaneous finger pain, fingernail pain, fingernail swelling
Urgency: Phone call or in-person visit
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Questions your doctor may ask about toe redness
- Do you have a rash?
- Is the red area flaky and rough to the touch?
- Did your symptoms start after you were exposed to glues, fragrances, preservatives, hair dyes, soaps, detergents, or other common household chemicals?
- Do you work in cosmetology or hairdressing?
Self-diagnose with our free Buoy Assistant if you answer yes on any of these questions.
Toe redness symptom checker statistics
People who have experienced toe redness have also experienced:
- 20% Swollen Toes
- 16% Toe Pain
- 15% Big Toe Pain
People who have experienced toe redness were most often matched with:
- 80% Skin Infection Of The Foot
- 20% Athlete'S Foot (Tinea Pedis)
People who have experienced toe redness had symptoms persist for:
- 30% Less than a week
- 28% Less than a day
- 25% Over a month
Source: Aggregated and anonymized results from Buoy Assistant.
I looked up why are my toes red. I don't seem to fit any of these scenarios. My toes have been red for a long time. I don't remember when I first noticed them to be red. It isn't a rash, or an infection, or cellulitis or the cold. I'm pretty sure they were red in warm weather as well. I have good pulses in my feet. My previous doctor did notice about 3 yrs. ago that my feet especially my toes turned bluish when I hung them from the exam table which he said was a venous return situation. But they are not blue most of the time but are red. My toes and baIls of my feet are somewhat numb due to damage from transverse myelitis 13 years ago.I suppose that could be part of the problem; I don't know. I do have some psoriasis which my dermatologist says makes my heels very thick and callous like. I treat that with topical steroid ointment and compound with LCD. That is about all I can tell you. Sometimes the top of my feet swell a bit ( could be from too much salt on popcorn) and sometimes they do itch but not all the time. I will be 72 in March, but I don't think age is the problem, but maybe. Who knows, though? I don't take but a couple prescription meds right now and I do take quite a few supplements. Maybe they are the culprit, but I kind of doubt it.That is all I can say at this point.