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Learn about your bladder spasms, including causes and common questions. Or get a personalized analysis of your bladder spasms from our A.I. Symptom Checker. At Buoy, we build tools that help you know what’s wrong right now and how to get the right care.

Top 10 Bladder Spasms Causes

  1. 1.Painful Bladder Syndrome (Interstitial Cystitis)

    Painful bladder syndrome, also known as interstitial cystitis (IC), is a chronic condition that causes inflammation, discomfort, or pain in the bladder and a need to urinate frequently and urgently.

    You schedule an appointment with your doctor, as they will be able to coordinate appropriate care. Treatments include avoiding foods that make the symptoms work, as well as physical therapy and bladder training.

    Rarity:
    Rare
    Top Symptoms:
    fatigue, abdominal cramps (stomach cramps), pelvis pain, depressed mood, sudden urgency to urinate
    Urgency:
    Primary care doctor
  2. 2.Viral (Norovirus) Infection

    Noroviruses are a group of related viruses that leads to nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, and cramps. These viruses cause gastroenteritis, an inflammation of the stomach and intestines. When the diarrhea and/or vomiting is severe, dehydration can occur. Symptoms of dehydration include a dry mouth, dizziness, urinating less frequently and dark urine.

    You can safely treat this condition at home. Make sure you drink plenty of water and fluids (Gatorade, Pediatlyte) to replace what is lost with diarrhea. If symptoms of dehydration occur or you are unable to keep down any liquids, seek care at your primary care physician or an urgent care.

    Rarity:
    Common
    Top Symptoms:
    fatigue, abdominal pain (stomach ache), nausea, headache, stomach bloating
    Symptoms that always occur with viral (norovirus) infection:
    hidden: gastroenteritis symptoms
    Symptoms that never occur with viral (norovirus) infection:
    severe abdominal pain, throbbing headache, severe headache, tarry stool
    Urgency:
    Self-treatment
  3. 3.Urinary Tract Infection

    In women, the opening to the urethra (the tube that carries urine from the bladder to the outside of the body) is very close to the anus, and bacteria from the anus can easily escape and travel up the urethra. These bacteria can infect the bladder, and cause what is known as a urinary tract infection (UTI).

    You should go to your doctor, an urgent care, or a walk-in clinic to be treated. UTIs must be treated with antibiotics. It is important to get treated as soon as possible to avoid the infection from becoming worse and spreading. To prevent future UTIs, urinate frequently, wipe from front to back, and urinate after sex to rinse out bacteria.

    Rarity:
    Common
    Top Symptoms:
    abdominal cramps (stomach cramps), pelvis pain, sudden urgency to urinate, urinary changes, abdominal pain (stomach ache)
    Symptoms that always occur with urinary tract infection:
    hidden: urinary changes: atrophy or inflammation
    Urgency:
    Phone call or in-person visit
  4. 4.Peptic Ulcer Disease

    A peptic ulcer is a sore in the lining of the stomach or the first part of your small intestine (the duodenum), which causes pain following meals or on an empty stomach.

    You should go see your doctor in the next few days for a sick visit. He/she will assess the need for certain tests (such as for a bacteria in the stomach and/or a procedure to take a picture of your stomach wall). He/she will definitely suggest taking an anti-acid medication, such as omeprazole, which you can take over-the-counter to help your pain.

    Rarity:
    Uncommon
    Top Symptoms:
    fatigue, abdominal pain (stomach ache), nausea, loss of appetite, moderate abdominal pain
    Urgency:
    Primary care doctor
  5. 5.Irritable Bowel Syndrome (Ibs)

    Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) is very common problem that affects the large intestine. It can cause stomach pain, cramps, bloating, constipation, or diarrhea. Doctors think that IBS is caused by the brain sending wrong messages to the bowels, such as during times of high stress, causing physical changes.

    While many people with IBS try to cope with the condition on their own, it could make a big difference if you talk to your doctor. They may be able to recommend a variety of treatments such as medication, diet counseling, or alternative therapies.

    Rarity:
    Common
    Top Symptoms:
    fatigue, abdominal pain (stomach ache), constipation, nausea or vomiting, stool changes
    Urgency:
    Primary care doctor

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  6. 6.Pelvic Inflammatory Disease

    Pelvic inflammatory disease (PID) is an infection of the female genital structures like the uterus, fallopian tube, ovary, and the surrounding abdominal wall. It is typically caused by N. Gonorrhoeae or C. Trachomatis.

    You should contact your doctor today. There, physical exams and swabs of the vagina will be needed to look for infection. Further blood testing or imaging may also be needed. Treatment involves antibiotics (orally) for both you and your partner

    Rarity:
    Common
    Top Symptoms:
    vaginal discharge, nausea or vomiting, vaginal bleeding, pelvis pain, lower abdominal pain
    Symptoms that always occur with pelvic inflammatory disease:
    hidden: pid: pain fever or discharge
    Urgency:
    In-person visit
  7. 7.Kidney Stone

    A kidney stone is a solid piece of material that forms in the kidney from substances in the urine. Most kidney stones pass out of the body without help from a doctor. But sometimes a stone will not go away. It may get stuck in the urinary tract, block the flow of urine and cause great pain.

    Kidney stones can be painful, so go to the nearest urgent care center or emergency room. The course of treatment depends on the size of the stone. Small stones can pass out of the body without any treatment, which can take two days to four weeks. You can help this process by drinking plenty of water to increase the flow of urine. Strong painkillers can also help with the pain. If a stone is stuck in a tube (ureter), your doctor might recommend a medication called an alpha-blocker, which can help make the tube bigger and thus help the stone to pass.Larger stones might not pass on their own, and thus surgery or shock wave therapy might be used. Shock wave therapy uses shock waves to break up stones into small pieces that can pass out of the body.

    Rarity:
    Uncommon
    Top Symptoms:
    nausea, abdominal pain that comes and goes, diarrhea, pelvis pain, vomiting
    Symptoms that always occur with kidney stone:
    hidden: abdomen or flank pain
    Urgency:
    Hospital emergency room
  8. 8.Viral (Rotavirus) Infection

    Rotavirus is a virus that causes an infection of the gut, known as gastroenteritis. Symptoms include diarrhea, vomiting and fever. When the diarrhea and/or vomiting is severe, dehydration can occur. Symptoms of dehydration include a dry mouth, dizziness, urinating less frequently and dark urine.

    You can safely treat this condition at home. Make sure you drink plenty of water and fluids to replace what is lost with diarrhea. Eat as normally as possible. If symptoms of dehydration occur, or you are unable to keep down any liquids, seek care at your primary care physician or an urgent care.

    Rarity:
    Rare
    Top Symptoms:
    fatigue, nausea, abdominal pain (stomach ache), headache, loss of appetite
    Symptoms that always occur with viral (rotavirus) infection:
    hidden: gastroenteritis symptoms
    Symptoms that never occur with viral (rotavirus) infection:
    constipation, tarry stool
    Urgency:
    Self-treatment
  9. 9.Normal Variation of Constipation

    Constipation is a very common condition affecting the large intestine. It is characterized by difficulty passing stool, or passing stool less often. Commonly it is linked to not eating enough dietary fiber, not drinking enough fluids, or not getting enough exercise. Some medications can cause constipation as well.

    For the short term, an over-the-counter laxative can help with your constipation. You can try to make changes at home to help prevent these symptoms. Dietary changes are typically effective: drink more fluids and eat more fiber (found in bran, root vegetables, nuts, and whole-grain flour). There are also over-the-counter fiber tablets that can help increase your dietary fiber.

    Rarity:
    Common
    Top Symptoms:
    abdominal pain (stomach ache), nausea, stomach bloating, constipation, abdominal cramps (stomach cramps)
    Symptoms that always occur with normal variation of constipation:
    constipation
    Symptoms that never occur with normal variation of constipation:
    vomiting
    Urgency:
    Self-treatment
  10. 10.Normal Abdominal Pain

    The abdomen extends from below the chest to the groin. Often it is referred to as the stomach; however, the abdomen includes more organs than just the stomach like the pancreas & liver. Abdominal pain is not stomach-specific and may be radiating from another organ.

    Your abdominal pain appears to be a standard variation of pain, which doesn't require any treatment right now. You can try over the counter pain medication like Tylenol. If the pain becomes severe, see a physician.

    Rarity:
    Common
    Top Symptoms:
    abdominal pain (stomach ache), vaginal discharge, fever, nausea
    Symptoms that always occur with normal abdominal pain:
    abdominal pain (stomach ache)
    Symptoms that never occur with normal abdominal pain:
    fever, vomiting, diarrhea, nausea, severe abdominal pain, unintentional weight loss, vaginal discharge
    Urgency:
    Self-treatment

Questions Your Doctor May Ask About Bladder Spasms

  • Q.Any fever today or during the last week?
  • Q.Have you experienced any nausea?
  • Q.How severe is your abdominal pain?
  • Q.How long has your abdominal pain been going on?

If you've answered yes to one or more of these questions, check our bladder spasms symptom checker.

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Bladder Spasms Symptom Checker Statistics

  • People who have experienced bladder spasms have also experienced:

    • 7% Pelvis Pain
    • 5% Nausea
    • 5% Abdominal Pain (Stomach Ache)
  • People who have experienced bladder spasms were most often matched with:

    • 18% Painful Bladder Syndrome (Interstitial Cystitis)
    • 13% Viral (Norovirus) Infection
    • 12% Urinary Tract Infection

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Check my bladder spasms symptoms

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