Symptoms A-Z

Learn Why Green Poop May Occur & What to Do About It

Green poop can be commonly caused by eating certain green foods, an infection that causes diarrhea, bile, or a side effect of medication. In addition, irritable bowel syndrome can cause green poop and stomach pain. Read below for more information on related symptoms, other causes, and treatment options.

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Contents

  1. Symptoms
  2. Causes
  3. 6 Possible Green Poop Conditions
  4. Treatments and Relief
  5. FAQs
  6. Questions Your Doctor May Ask
  7. Statistics

Green Poop Symptoms

It's probably safe to assume that you don't have a detailed study of this aspect of your life, or a written log for reference. However, as far as you know, your poop (or "stool") has been a consistent color, brown, for a really long time. But then, something suddenly changes, enough to capture your attention. Green poop isn't always normal, but it's certainly not time to panic.

While the shade can vary from light to dark, most people's stool is brown, and doctors agree that brown is the most common color. Stool color is impacted by a variety of factors including diet, medications, and some gastrointestinal disorders. In most cases, green is the least abnormal color, and some even consider it to be on the spectrum of normal stool. Besides brown and green, other more concerning colors include red, black and white — each caused by particular problems best evaluated by your doctor.

Green stool can be accompanied by the following symptoms

It's likely to also experience:

Green Poop Causes

The normal brown color of stool comes from bilirubin, a product produced by the liver when it routinely breaks down old blood cells. Bilirubin is released into the intestines, where it mixes with digested food, enzymes and gut bacteria. If stool travels through the intestines at a normal speed, bacteria interacts with the stool content and turns it brown. Any changes to this process, such as during illness, can mean that stool is processed differently and will turn out to be a different color.

Diet and medication-related causes

The following are likely causes of green stool due to things you ingest.

  • Dietary changes: The most common cause of green stool is eating green food, such as leafy greens like spinach or kale. Food coloring found in certain foods such as gelatin or ice pops can also be to blame.
  • Antibiotics: While you may take them for an infection elsewhere in the body, antibiotics also have a strong affect on the normal bacteria in the gut that process stool.
  • Other medications: Certain pain-relievers and over-the-counter supplements may change the color of stool depending on how they are digested.

Natural causes

Causes of green stool due to more natural bodily processes include the following.

  • Bile: This substance, produced in the liver and stored in the gallbladder, helps digest fats and is naturally green in color. It is usually broken down in the intestines but sometimes it remains in stool.
  • Young age: Newborns may have green stool in the first few days of life before it changes to a yellow or brown color.

Illness-related causes

Causes of green stool due to illness may include the following.

  • Gastrointestinal diseases: Conditions like Crohn's Disease or Irritable Bowel Syndrome impair absorption in the intestines and change the normal makeup of stool.
  • Parasites: Though uncommon in the developed world, parasites can cause green stool and should be considered if you have traveled outside of the country or have eaten raw food.
  • Gastroenteritis: An infection that causes diarrhea forces stool to move through the intestines much more quickly than usual, so bacteria in the gut do not have time to digest normally.

6 Possible Green Poop Conditions

The list below shows results from the use of our quiz by Buoy users who experienced green poop. This list does not constitute medical advice and may not accurately represent what you have.

Non specific stool change

There are many factors affecting the appearance of someone's stools. Often a variation in stool color and/or consistency is caused by food or medicines. Leafy greens and certain vegetables like spinach and kale can make stool look green. Iron supplements and medicines containing bismuth like Pepto-bismol can turn stools black. It looks like your stool change is probably a variation of normal.

Rarity: Common

Top Symptoms: black stool, green poop, dark brown stool, red stool

Symptoms that never occur with non specific stool change: tarry stool, weight loss, rectal bleeding, fever

Urgency: Wait and watch

Irritable bowel syndrome (ibs)

Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) is a chronic disorder of the large intestine. It is characterized by recurrent abdominal pain and bowel movement issues that can be difficult to treat. Signs and symptoms of IBS are usually not severe or life-threatening, but finding relief may be frustrating.

In order to have a confirmed diagnosis, your IBS should include two of three key symptoms, including improvement of symptoms after defecating, pain that begins when the frequency of stool changes, or(https://www.buoyhealth.com/symptoms-a-z/pain-when-passing-stools/).

Other key symptoms include abdominal pain and discomfort, as well as bloating, cramping,(https://www.buoyhealth.com/symptoms-a-z/fatigue/). These may all be exacerbated by stress, specific foods, or hormonal changes, especially in women.

Treatment focuses on alleviating your symptoms through supplements and medication.

Rarity: Common

Top Symptoms: fatigue, abdominal pain (stomach ache), nausea or vomiting, constipation, stool changes

Urgency: Primary care doctor

Normal variation of constipation

Constipation means bowel movements which have become infrequent and/or hardened and difficult to pass.

There is wide variation in what is thought "normal" when it comes to frequency of bowel movements. Anywhere from three times a day to three times a week is considered normal.

As long as stools are easy to pass, laxatives should not be used in an effort to force the body to a more frequent schedule.

Constipation is usually caused by lack of fiber in the diet; not drinking enough water; insufficient exercise; and often suppressing the urge to have a bowel movement.

A number of medications and remedies, especially narcotic pain relievers, can cause constipation.

Women are often affected, due to pregnancy and other hormonal changes. Young children who demand low-fiber or "junk food" diets are also susceptible.

Constipation is a condition, not a disease, and most of the time is easily corrected. If simple adjustments in diet, exercise, and bowel habits don't help, a doctor can be consulted to rule out a more serious cause.

Rarity: Common

Top Symptoms: abdominal pain (stomach ache), nausea, stomach bloating, constipation, constipation

Symptoms that always occur with normal variation of constipation: constipation

Symptoms that never occur with normal variation of constipation: vomiting

Urgency: Self-treatment

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Viral (norovirus) infection

If you ever heard of an entire cruise ship of people coming down with the same "stomach bug," chances are that was norovirus. Fortunately, norovirus usually goes away on its own after a few days, but is pretty unpleasant and can spread extremely easily. The main symptoms are vomiting and diarrhea, which can be severe enough to require hydration with intravenous fluids. However, other treatments are rarely necessary. In the developing world where access to supportive care is less available, norovirus infection is still responsible for tens of thousands of deaths each year, primarily due to dehydration.

Rarity: Common

Top Symptoms: diarrhea, vomiting or nausea, fatigue, nausea, abdominal pain (stomach ache), headache

Symptoms that always occur with viral (norovirus) infection: diarrhea, vomiting or nausea

Symptoms that never occur with viral (norovirus) infection: severe abdominal pain, throbbing headache, severe headache, tarry stool, vaginal bleeding, alertness level change

Urgency: Self-treatment

Normal occurrence of diarrhea

Diarrhea can be an indication of serious illness – especially in young children – but in some cases it has a much simpler cause and can be easily cured.

If there are simply frequent loose stools – three or more times per day – without other symptoms of illness, the most common cause is food or drink.

Overuse of caffeine, beer, or wine has a laxative effect on some individuals. The artificial sweeteners sorbitol and mannitol are known laxatives, as are some herbal supplements and some over-the-counter vitamin and mineral preparations.

Lactose intolerance, or the inability to digest the natural sugar in milk, causes digestive upset and diarrhea.

Diarrhea can cause dehydration and mineral imbalance no matter what the cause, so it is still important to manage it.

The best treatment is to remove some items or supplements from the diet and watch the results. This will show which items are causing the diarrhea.

It's always wise to use any new supplements in moderation so that if the trouble recurs, the cause will be plain.

Rarity: Common

Top Symptoms: diarrhea, mild diarrhea

Symptoms that always occur with normal occurrence of diarrhea: diarrhea

Symptoms that never occur with normal occurrence of diarrhea: bloody diarrhea, severe diarrhea, worsening diarrhea, being severely ill, ill appearance

Urgency: Self-treatment

Possible early irritable bowel syndrome (ibs)

Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) is very common problem that affects the large intestine. It can cause stomach pain, cramps, bloating, constipation, or diarrhea. Doctors think that IBS is caused by the brain sending wrong messages to the bowels, such as during times of high stress, causing physical changes. The formal criteria for this diagnosis requires 3 months of symptoms. Therefore you may have an early presentation.

Rarity: Common

Top Symptoms: fatigue, abdominal pain (stomach ache), nausea or vomiting, stool changes, constipation

Urgency: Primary care doctor

Green Poop Treatments and Relief

In the majority of cases, green stool may indicate a slight change in the digestive system but is not a major concern.

If you find the color change disconcerting, there are some simple steps you can take at home to set your mind at ease

The following measures may be enough to get you through a bout of green stool.

  • Keep track of what you're eating: Since dietary changes are the most common cause of green stool, it can be reassuring to keep a food diary and compare meals to stool output. In most cases, you'll find green stool in the day or so after you've indulged in that kale salad or green smoothie.
  • Review your medications: Prescription labels will often indicate if changes in stool may occur after taking a certain medication. Over-the-counter medications and natural supplements are among the most common overlooked offenders.
  • Be patient if you're ill: Most infectious causes of stomach upset and diarrhea resolve on their own with hydration and rest. While your stool may turn green while you're ill, it will likely return to its normal color after the illness has run its course.

It's also a good idea to keep an eye out for more concerning symptoms that may warrant a trip to the doctor, including:

When it is an emergency

Seek help right away if you have:

  • Very large volume of stool: Especially if it is dark black or bloody
  • Signs of severe dehydration: Such as fast heartbeat, dizziness, or passing out

FAQs About Green Poop

Here are some frequently asked questions about green poop.

Can green poop be caused by stress?

Generally, no, green poop is not caused by stress. It is most often caused by leafy green vegetables, green food coloring, or green foods. However, it can also be caused by increased gut motility (speed). Food moving faster through the gut gives the gut less time to break down bile, a green substance that the body naturally produces to digest fats. If bile is not digested, poop may appear dark greenish.

Can green poop be a sign of infection?

No. It is uncommon to produce green poop as a sign of infection. However, if an infection causes your bowels to move more quickly, you may produce green poop as a result. As stated in the prior question, fast-moving food may not give bile a chance to be digested causing green (bile-colored) poop.

Why is my poop green when I'm pregnant?

Green poop is generally not used to diagnose any illness. It can occur because of so many other causes, and many of which are normal, that physicians do not use it often as a sign of a particular diagnosis. Green poop while pregnant may be a sign of iron pills, which are often given to pregnant women or leafy greens which pregnant women may try to eat more consistently.

Does teething cause green poop?

No, teething does not cause green poop. Changes in an infant's diet that occur concurrently with teething, however, may produce green poop. Some parents will introduce their child to green baby foods or more partially solid food when they begin teething, and this may change the color of their feces.

Why does my green poop smell like sulfur?

Green poop can take on a sulfur smell. Sulfur-smelling or foul-smelling stools can be a sign of a gastrointestinal infection, most notably, giardia. Most gastrointestinal infections resolve within a week to 10 days. If your symptoms persist, or you begin to feel weak or are unable to keep fluids in without vomiting, you should seek a medical professional.

Questions Your Doctor May Ask About Green Poop

To diagnose this condition, your doctor would likely ask the following questions:

  • Have you experienced any nausea?
  • Have you been feeling more tired than usual, lethargic or fatigued despite sleeping a normal amount?
  • Any fever today or during the last week?
  • Have you had any changes in your weight?

The above questions are also covered by our A.I. Health Assistant.

If you've answered yes to one or more of these questions

Take a quiz to find out why you're having green poop

Green Poop Symptom Checker Statistics

People who have experienced green poop have also experienced:

  • 15% Abdominal Pain (Stomach Ache)
  • 9% Diarrhea
  • 7% Nausea

People who have experienced green poop were most often matched with:

  • 75% Irritable Bowel Syndrome (Ibs)
  • 25% Normal Variation Of Constipation

Source: Aggregated and anonymized results from visits to the Buoy AI health assistant (check it out by clicking on “Take Quiz”).

Green Poop Symptom Checker

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