Symptoms A-Z

Spontaneous Toe Pain Symptoms, Causes & Common Questions

Understand spontaneous toe pain symptoms, including 9 causes & common questions.

This symptom can also be referred to as: toe hurts for no reason

Spontaneous Toe Pain Symptom Checker

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Spontaneous Toe Pain Symptoms

Important for providing balance and stability, the toes are part of the body that may sometimes be overlooked. Spontaneous toe pain can be quite a bothersome symptom. However, it is likely related to another condition and can even become serious if ignored as in the case of diabetic foot ulcers. Other common causes may include less severe foot conditions, such as bunions or toenail problems.

Characteristics

Symptoms that can be associated with spontaneous toe pain include [1]:

Spontaneous Toe Pain Causes

There are many different causes of spontaneous toe pain, including chronic toe conditions that cause pain suddenly, acute injuries that lead to toe pain, and medical illnesses that can cause toe pain among other symptoms. More details can be found below.

Chronic Foot or Toe Conditions

Chronic, or long-term conditions of the feet or toes can lead to toe pain that may arise spontaneously.

  • Bunions: A bunion is a malformation of the foot that causes the big toe to point inwards, and leads to pain and difficulty walking [2]. The cause of this deformity is unknown, but it increases with age. It is possible for this condition to cause spontaneous toe pain, especially with exercise or tight footwear.
  • Toe deformity: There are several common toe deformities, including hammertoe, that can cause toe pain.Typically, these deformities arise from injury, inflammation, or trauma to the foot, although some are genetic. Diabetes and arthritis predispose people to these types of deformities. Toe deformities can cause spontaneous toe pain, particularly with exercise or tight footwear.
  • Nerve problem: Compression of nerves in the foot can lead to toe pain. Typically, the pain associated with nerve compression is described as a burning sensation and is located in between the toes. This pain can be sharp and severe, and come on suddenly.
  • Toenail problems: There are several possible issues with the toenail that can cause spontaneous toe pain. Ingrown toenails occur when the toenail pierces the skin around the nail leading to inflammation and possible infection [3]. A hematoma (bruise) can form underneath the nail if the setting of trauma which can cause pain and discoloration.

Injuries or Acute Toe Conditions

Injuring the toe or having related conditions can lead to toe pain.

  • Fracture: Pain in the toe in the setting of trauma to the forefoot raises concern for a toe fracture. Typically, a fracture would present with acute pain, swelling, and possibly deformity to the area. The pain from a fracture can be very severe.
  • Warts: Warts can form on the bottom of the toes or feet, leading to toe pain. Warts are caused by a virus called HPV type 1. Calluses or corns are small lesions that form on the bottom of the toes or feet from excess pressure to the bottom of the foot, and can be mistaken for warts but are not caused by a virus. Any of these conditions can develop quickly and cause spontaneous toe pain.

Medical Conditions

The following medical conditions can contribute to spontaneous toe pain.

  • Gout: Gout typically causes very severe, sudden pain in the large toe joint. Gout is a disease in which crystals deposit in the joint causing inflammation and pain. While gout can cause pain in other joints, the big toe joint is the most common location [4].
  • Rheumatoid arthritis: Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) causes pain and stiffness in the joints, particularly common in the finger and toe joints. This pain can be spontaneous but is more typically chronic in nature.
  • Diabetes: Over time, diabetes affects the nerves in the feet, which can lead to pain, burning, or numbness in the toes and feet [5]. Because the toes are numb, people with diabetes are at higher risk of developing ulcers or sores on their feet or toes that go unnoticed [6]. A serious infection can lead to intense or spontaneous pain. These have the potential to become infected and can be limb-threatening.

9 Possible Spontaneous Toe Pain Conditions

The list below shows results from the use of our quiz by Buoy users who experienced spontaneous toe pain. This list does not constitute medical advice and may not accurately represent what you have.

Gout

Gout is a form of arthritis that causes sudden pain, stiffness, and swelling in a joint. The big toe is often affected.

Rarity: Common

Top Symptoms: swollen toes

Urgency: Primary care doctor

Skin infection of the foot

An infection of the skin of the foot is almost always either fungal or bacterial. A fungal infection of the foot is called tinea pedis, or athlete's foot. It is caused by different types of dermatophyte fungus and is commonly found in damp places such as showers or locker room floors. A bacterial infection anywhere on the skin is called cellulitis if it extends under the skin. It can develop after a break in the skin allows bacteria to enter and begin growing. These bacteria are most often either Streptococcus or Staphylococcus, which are found throughout the environment.

Most susceptible are diabetic patients, since high blood sugar interferes with healing and wounds can easily become chronic and/or deeply infected. Diagnosis is made through physical examination by a medical provider.

Treatment for either a fungal or bacterial infection involves keeping the skin dry and clean at all times. A fungal infection is treated with topical and/or oral antifungal medications, while a bacterial infection will be treated with topical and/or antibiotic medications.

Rarity: Uncommon

Top Symptoms: fever, foot pain, foot redness, warm red foot swelling, swollen ankle

Symptoms that always occur with skin infection of the foot: foot redness, foot pain, area of skin redness

Urgency: Primary care doctor

Raynaud phenomenon

Raynaud phenomenon, also called Secondary Raynaud syndrome, is a condition that causes small arteries in the skin to abnormally constrict on exposure to cold water or air. This limits blood flow to the hands, fingers, feet, toes, nose, and ears.

Secondary Raynaud syndrome is rare and is caused by another underlying medical condition, often a connective tissue disorder such as rheumatoid arthritis, scleroderma, or lupus.

Women are more likely than men to be affected, especially if living in cold climates. Family history and smoking are also risk factors.

Symptoms include the hands and feet becoming numb and cold. The skin color changes from pale to bluish, and then to red as the skin warms again.

If not treated, patients may get ulcerated sores or deformities of the fingers and toes, or even gangrene, due to the lack of circulation.

Diagnosis is made through patient history, physical examination, and blood tests.

Treatment includes medications to help increase circulation; treatment of any underlying conditions; and lifestyle changes to gain better protection for the extremities in cold conditions.

Rarity: Common

Top Symptoms: distal numbness, cold toe, cold fingers, spontaneous toe pain, spontaneous finger pain

Urgency: Self-treatment

Nail infection (paronychia)

Paronychia is an infection of the skin of the fingers or toes, at the place where the skin folds down to meet the nail.

Acute, or sudden onset, paronychia is caused by the staphylococcus bacteria. The organism can gain entry if the nail is cracked, broken, bitten, or trimmed too closely.

Chronic, or ongoing, paronychia is caused by a fungus. Anyone whose work requires their hands to be wet much of the time is susceptible.

People with diabetes or a weakened immune system are more susceptible to nail infections.

Symptoms include sore, reddened, swollen skin around the nail, sometimes with pus collecting under the skin.

Diagnosis is made through physical examination and sometimes skin culture to identify the organism involved.

Treatment for acute paronychia involves having a medical provider clean the wounded nail and drain any infection, and sometimes provide a course of antibiotics.

Treatment for the chronic form involves keeping the skin dry and using an antifungal medication on the affected nail.

Rarity: Rare

Top Symptoms: spontaneous finger pain, fingernail pain, fingernail swelling

Urgency: Phone call or in-person visit

Spontaneous Toe Pain Symptom Checker

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Cellulitis

Cellulitis is a bacterial infection of the deep layers of the skin. It can appear anywhere on the body but is most common on the feet, lower legs, and face.

The condition can develop if Staphylococcus bacteria enter broken skin through a cut, scrape, or existing skin infection such as impetigo or eczema.

Most susceptible are those with a weakened immune system, as from corticosteroids or chemotherapy, or with impaired circulation from diabetes or any vascular disease.

Symptoms arise somewhat gradually and include sore, reddened skin.

If not treated, the infection can become severe, form pus, and destroy the tissue around it. In rare cases, the infection can cause blood poisoning or meningitis.

Symptom of severe pain, fever, cold sweats, and fast heartbeat should be seen immediately by a medical provider.

Diagnosis is made through physical examination.

Treatment consists of antibiotics, keeping the wound clean, and sometimes surgery to remove any dead tissue. Cellulitis often recurs, so it is important to treat any underlying conditions and improve the immune system with rest and good nutrition.

Rarity: Uncommon

Top Symptoms: fever, chills, facial redness, swollen face, face pain

Symptoms that always occur with cellulitis: facial redness, area of skin redness

Urgency: Primary care doctor

Rheumatoid arthritis

Arthritis is a general term for multiple conditions that cause painful inflammation and stiffness throughout the body. Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is a chronic condition that is autoimmune in nature, meaning that the body's immune system which normally protects the body by att...

Psoriatic arthritis

Psoriatic arthritis is a condition which causes inflammation of the joints. In most circumstances, psoriatic arthritis presents between the ages of 30 and 50 years and occurs after the manifestation of the symptoms of psoriasis, which is a disease of the skin. Psoriatic arthritis...

Toe fracture

Broken toes are very common and caused by either something falling on the toe (crush injury) or a stubbing of the toe situation.

Rarity: Common

Top Symptoms: constant foot pain, toe injury, toe pain from an injury

Symptoms that always occur with toe fracture: toe injury, toe pain from an injury, constant foot pain

Symptoms that never occur with toe fracture: toe dislocation, toe injury with broken skin

Urgency: Primary care doctor

Toe bruise

Toe contusion (bruise) is the damage of the blood vessels (veins and capillaries) that return blood from your tissues back to the heart. The blood pools there and turns blue or purple. It's typically caused by a bump, hit, or fall.

Rarity: Rare

Top Symptoms: constant foot pain, toe injury, toe pain from an injury, swollen toes, toe bruise(s)

Symptoms that always occur with toe bruise: toe pain from an injury, toe injury, constant foot pain

Urgency: Self-treatment

Spontaneous Toe Pain Treatments and Relief

While some causes of toe pain can be treated at home, many causes of toe pain should be evaluated by a physician. Serious injuries such as fracture require medical attention. If you believe an underlying condition is causing toe pain, especially if you have diabetes, you should consult your physician sooner than later.

At-home treatments

A few at-home remedies may be able to soothe your spontaneous toe pain.

  • Over-the-counter pain medication: If your toe pain is due to an acute or chronic injury, over-the-counter pain medication such as ibuprofen or acetaminophen may help relieve the symptoms.
  • Rest: If your toe pain is related to sports or exercise, taking a break from the activity that causes pain may help with recovery.
  • Ice: If your toe pain is related to inflammation or minor injury such as a sprain, placing ice on the area may help alleviate pain.

Medical treatments

You should consult your physician to discuss the following [7].

  • Steroid injection: In some cases of toe pain, an injection of steroids may reduce inflammation and help the pain.
  • Medications: If your toe pain is due to gout, diabetes, or arthritis, your physician may prescribe medication to control your illness that will help control the symptom of toe pain. If your physician suspects an infection in your toe or foot, they may prescribe antibiotics.
  • Orthotics or special shoes: If your physician suspects your toe pain is due to bunions or another deformity, they may suggest orthotic shoe inserts or even special shoes to help with the toe pain.
  • Wart removal: If your toe pain is due to warts, your physician may suggest wart removal. There are multiple different types of removal, and he or she can help you figure out the best one for your condition.
  • Surgery: If your physician determines a bunion or other structural issue is the cause of your toe pain, he or she may recommend surgical correction.

Seek immediate treatment for the following

If you have diabetes and you have an ulcer or wound on your foot, seek treatment promptly. Diabetic foot ulcers can become infected and be limb-threatening

Questions Your Doctor May Ask About Spontaneous Toe Pain

To diagnose this condition, your doctor would likely ask the following questions:

  • Have you ever been told you have flat feet?
  • Have you ever been diagnosed with diabetes?
  • Did you recently injure your foot?
  • Have you noticed pain, swelling, temperature, or skin color changes on a part of your body that previously suffered a physical injury?

The above questions are also covered by our A.I. Health Assistant.

If you've answered yes to one or more of these questions

Take a quiz to find out what might be causing your spontaneous toe pain

Spontaneous Toe Pain Symptom Checker Statistics

People who have experienced spontaneous toe pain have also experienced:

  • 17% Swollen Toes
  • 8% Pain In The Top Of The Foot
  • 4% Spontaneous Finger Pain

People who have experienced spontaneous toe pain were most often matched with:

  • 50% Skin Infection Of The Foot
  • 37% Gout
  • 12% Raynaud Phenomenon

People who have experienced spontaneous toe pain had symptoms persist for:

  • 32% Over a month
  • 26% Less than a week
  • 22% Less than a day

Source: Aggregated and anonymized results from visits to the Buoy AI health assistant (check it out by clicking on “Take Quiz”).

Spontaneous Toe Pain Symptom Checker

Take a quiz to find out what might be causing your spontaneous toe pain

References

  1. Blahd WH, Husney A, Romito K, eds. Toe, Foot, and Ankle Problems, Noninjury. University of Michigan: Michigan Medicine. Updated November 20, 2017. UofM Health Link
  2. Ioli JP. What to do About Bunions. Harvard Medical School: Harvard Health Publishing. Updated April 10, 2018. Harvard Health Publishing Link
  3. Ingrown Toenail. American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons: OrthoInfo. Updated September 2012. OrthoInfo Link
  4. Stewart S, Dalbeth N, Vandal AC, Rome K. The First Metatarsophalangeal Joint in Gout: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis. BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders. 2016;17:69. NCBI Link
  5. Diabetes and Foot Problems. National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases. Published January 2017. NIDDK Link
  6. Noor S, Zubair M, Ahmad J. Diabetic Foot Ulcer - A Review on Pathophysiology, Classification and Microbial Etiology. 2015;9(3):192-199. NCBI Link
  7. Medications to Treat Feet. Arthritis Foundation. Arthritis Foundation Link

Disclaimer: The article does not replace an evaluation by a physician. Information on this page is provided as an information resource only, and is not to be used or relied on for any diagnostic or treatment purposes.